In recent years, there is an increasing interest from the winemaking industry for the use of mixed fermentations with Starmerella bacillaris (synonym Candida zemplinina) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, due to their ability to modulate metabolites of oeno- logical interest. The current study was carried out to elucidate the effect of this fermentation protocol on the growth and malolactic activity of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) used for malolactic fermentation (MLF) and on the chemical and volatile profile of Nebbiolo wines and their chromatic characteristics. To this end, two LAB species, namely Lactobacillus plantarum and Oenococcus oeni, were inoculated at the beginning and at the end of the alcoholic fermentation (AF) performed by pure and mixed yeast using the abovementioned yeasts. The different yeast inoculation protocols and the combination of species tested influenced greatly the interactions and behavior of the inoculated yeasts and LAB during AF and MLF. For both LAB species, inoculation timing was critical to how rapidly MLF started and finished. Fermentation inoculated with L. plantarum, at the beginning of the AF, completed MLF faster than those inoculated with O. oeni. The presence of Starm. bacillaris in mixed fermentation promoted LAB growth and activity, in particular, O. oeni. Furthermore, LAB species choice had a greater impact on the volatile and chromatic profile of the wines than inoculation time. These findings reveal new knowledge about the importance of LAB species choice and inoculation time to ensure fast MLF completion and to improve wine characteristics in mixed fermentation with Starm. bacillaris and S. cerevisiae.

Effect of mixed species alcoholic fermentation on growth and malolactic activity of lactic acid bacteria

Vasileios Englezos
First
;
Kalliopi Rantsiou;Matteo Pollon;Simone Giacosa;Susana Río Segade;Luca Rolle;Luca Cocolin
Last
2019

Abstract

In recent years, there is an increasing interest from the winemaking industry for the use of mixed fermentations with Starmerella bacillaris (synonym Candida zemplinina) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, due to their ability to modulate metabolites of oeno- logical interest. The current study was carried out to elucidate the effect of this fermentation protocol on the growth and malolactic activity of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) used for malolactic fermentation (MLF) and on the chemical and volatile profile of Nebbiolo wines and their chromatic characteristics. To this end, two LAB species, namely Lactobacillus plantarum and Oenococcus oeni, were inoculated at the beginning and at the end of the alcoholic fermentation (AF) performed by pure and mixed yeast using the abovementioned yeasts. The different yeast inoculation protocols and the combination of species tested influenced greatly the interactions and behavior of the inoculated yeasts and LAB during AF and MLF. For both LAB species, inoculation timing was critical to how rapidly MLF started and finished. Fermentation inoculated with L. plantarum, at the beginning of the AF, completed MLF faster than those inoculated with O. oeni. The presence of Starm. bacillaris in mixed fermentation promoted LAB growth and activity, in particular, O. oeni. Furthermore, LAB species choice had a greater impact on the volatile and chromatic profile of the wines than inoculation time. These findings reveal new knowledge about the importance of LAB species choice and inoculation time to ensure fast MLF completion and to improve wine characteristics in mixed fermentation with Starm. bacillaris and S. cerevisiae.
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https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00253-019-10064-1
Starmerella bacillaris , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Oenococcus oeni , Lactobacillus plantarum , Interactions , Malolactic fermentation
Vasileios Englezos, David Castrillo Cachón, Kalliopi Rantsiou, Pilar Blanco, Maurizio Petrozziello, Matteo Pollon, Simone Giacosa, Susana Río Segade, Luca Rolle, Luca Cocolin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1710440
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