Objective: Breast cancer (BC) diagnosis is a potentially traumatic event, the related challenges of which can trigger positive or negative reactions. Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is defined as a positive psychological change experienced as a result of the struggle. The present study aimed to shed light on the relationship between the evolution of depressive symptoms over time and PTG in a group of BC survivors. Method: Depressive symptoms at the time of diagnosis (T0) and 2 years later (T1) were evaluated to investigate their potential impact on the level of PTG at T1. A total of 147 BC patients were recruited and divided into 4 groups according to the changes in depressive symptoms they experienced over time (patients who were never depressed, no longer depressed, still depressed, and depressed now). A One-way analysis of variance was run to compare the levels of PTG for the four groups. Results: The One-way analysis of variance showed that PTG score was significantly different among groups with different levels of depressive symptoms (p .008). Post hoc comparisons indicated that the PTG score was statistically significantly higher in the no longer depressed group compared with the still depressed and depressed now groups. Conclusions: The current results suggest that high levels of depressive symptoms, displayed at the time of cancer diagnosis, can be considered catalysts for PTG at follow-up, on condition that women experience elevated depressive symptoms only in the first period of the disease.

Posttraumatic Growth in Breast Cancer Survivors: Are Depressive Symptoms Really Negative Predictors?

Romeo A.
First
;
Di Tella M.
;
Ghiggia A.;Tesio V.;Torta R.;Castelli L.
Last
2020

Abstract

Objective: Breast cancer (BC) diagnosis is a potentially traumatic event, the related challenges of which can trigger positive or negative reactions. Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is defined as a positive psychological change experienced as a result of the struggle. The present study aimed to shed light on the relationship between the evolution of depressive symptoms over time and PTG in a group of BC survivors. Method: Depressive symptoms at the time of diagnosis (T0) and 2 years later (T1) were evaluated to investigate their potential impact on the level of PTG at T1. A total of 147 BC patients were recruited and divided into 4 groups according to the changes in depressive symptoms they experienced over time (patients who were never depressed, no longer depressed, still depressed, and depressed now). A One-way analysis of variance was run to compare the levels of PTG for the four groups. Results: The One-way analysis of variance showed that PTG score was significantly different among groups with different levels of depressive symptoms (p .008). Post hoc comparisons indicated that the PTG score was statistically significantly higher in the no longer depressed group compared with the still depressed and depressed now groups. Conclusions: The current results suggest that high levels of depressive symptoms, displayed at the time of cancer diagnosis, can be considered catalysts for PTG at follow-up, on condition that women experience elevated depressive symptoms only in the first period of the disease.
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https://psycnet.apa.org/search/display?id=0d427f2c-15e7-02d7-c36d-9dcbe7fbfd42&recordId=1&tab=PA&page=1&display=25&sort=PublicationYearMSSort desc,AuthorSort asc&sr=1
Breast cancer, Depressive symptoms, Posttraumatic growth, Trauma, Clinical Psychology
Romeo A.; Di Tella M.; Ghiggia A.; Tesio V.; Torta R.; Castelli L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1725410
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