Livers from donors after circulatory death (DCD) are a promising option to increase the donor pool, but their use is associated with higher complication rate and inferior graft survival. Normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) keeps the graft at 37°C, providing nutrients and oxygen supply. Human liver stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles (HLSC-EVs) are able to reduce liver injury and promote regeneration. We investigated the efficacy of a reconditioning strategy with HLSC-EVs in an experimental model of NMP. Following total hepatectomy, rat livers were divided into 4 groups: (i) healthy livers, (ii) warm ischemic livers (60 min of warm ischemia), (iii) warm ischemic livers treated with 5 × 108 HLSC-EVs/g-liver, and (iv) warm ischemic livers treated with a 25 × 108 HLSC-EVs/g-liver. NMP lasted 6 h and HLSC-EVs (Unicyte AG, Germany) were administered within the first 15 min. Compared to controls, HLSC-EV treatment significantly reduced transaminases release. Moreover, HLSC-EVs enhanced liver metabolism by promoting phosphate utilization and pH self-regulation. As compared to controls, the higher dose of HLSC-EV was associated with significantly higher bile production and lower intrahepatic resistance. Histologically, this group showed reduced necrosis and enhanced proliferation. In conclusion, HLSC-EV treatment during NMP was feasible and effective in reducing injury in a DCD model with prolonged warm ischemia.

Human liver stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles reduce injury in a model of normothermic machine perfusion of rat livers previously exposed to a prolonged warm ischemia

De Stefano N.
First
;
Roggio D.;Calleri A.;Rigo F.;Gambella A.;Amoroso A.;Patrono D.;Camussi G.;Romagnoli R.
Last
2021

Abstract

Livers from donors after circulatory death (DCD) are a promising option to increase the donor pool, but their use is associated with higher complication rate and inferior graft survival. Normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) keeps the graft at 37°C, providing nutrients and oxygen supply. Human liver stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles (HLSC-EVs) are able to reduce liver injury and promote regeneration. We investigated the efficacy of a reconditioning strategy with HLSC-EVs in an experimental model of NMP. Following total hepatectomy, rat livers were divided into 4 groups: (i) healthy livers, (ii) warm ischemic livers (60 min of warm ischemia), (iii) warm ischemic livers treated with 5 × 108 HLSC-EVs/g-liver, and (iv) warm ischemic livers treated with a 25 × 108 HLSC-EVs/g-liver. NMP lasted 6 h and HLSC-EVs (Unicyte AG, Germany) were administered within the first 15 min. Compared to controls, HLSC-EV treatment significantly reduced transaminases release. Moreover, HLSC-EVs enhanced liver metabolism by promoting phosphate utilization and pH self-regulation. As compared to controls, the higher dose of HLSC-EV was associated with significantly higher bile production and lower intrahepatic resistance. Histologically, this group showed reduced necrosis and enhanced proliferation. In conclusion, HLSC-EV treatment during NMP was feasible and effective in reducing injury in a DCD model with prolonged warm ischemia.
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donors after circulatory death; liver transplantation; machine perfusion; microvesicles; organ preservation and procurement; stem cells
De Stefano N.; Navarro-Tableros V.; Roggio D.; Calleri A.; Rigo F.; David E.; Gambella A.; Bassino D.; Amoroso A.; Patrono D.; Camussi G.; Romagnoli R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1806569
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