Bone metastases are a common and dismal consequence of lung cancer that is a leading cause of death. The role of IL-7 in promoting bone metastases has been previously investigated in NSCLC, but many aspects remain to be disclosed. To further study IL-7 function in bone metastasis, a human-in-mice model of bone aggression by NSCLC was developed and human bone metastasis biopsies were analyzed. NOD/SCID mice implanted with human bone were used. After bone engraftment, two groups of mice were injected subcutaneously with a human NSCLC cell line (A549), while a third control group did not receive cancer cells. Tumor and bone vitality and IL-7 expression were assessed in implanted bone, affected or not by A549. Serum IL-7 levels were evaluated by ELISA. IL-7 immunohistochemistry was performed on 10 human bone NSCLC metastasis biopsies for comparison. At 12 weeks after bone implant, osteogenic activity and neovascularization was observed, confirming bone vitality. Tumor aggressive cells implanted close to human bone invaded the bone tissue. The bone-aggressive cancer cells were positive for IL-7 staining both in the mice model and in human biopsies. Higher IL-7 serum levels were found in mice injected with A549 cells close to the bone implant compared to mice injected with A549 cells in the flank opposite to the bone implant. We demonstrated that bone-invading cells express and produce IL-7, which is known to promote osteoclast activation and osteolytic lesions. Tumor-bone interaction increases IL-7 production. The presented mice model of bone invasion by contiguous tumor is suitable to study bone-tumor cell interaction. IL-7 plays a role in the first steps of metastatic process.

Bone invading NSCLC cells produce IL-7: mice model and human histologic data

MORELLO, Emanuela Maria;BURACCO, Paolo;
2010

Abstract

Bone metastases are a common and dismal consequence of lung cancer that is a leading cause of death. The role of IL-7 in promoting bone metastases has been previously investigated in NSCLC, but many aspects remain to be disclosed. To further study IL-7 function in bone metastasis, a human-in-mice model of bone aggression by NSCLC was developed and human bone metastasis biopsies were analyzed. NOD/SCID mice implanted with human bone were used. After bone engraftment, two groups of mice were injected subcutaneously with a human NSCLC cell line (A549), while a third control group did not receive cancer cells. Tumor and bone vitality and IL-7 expression were assessed in implanted bone, affected or not by A549. Serum IL-7 levels were evaluated by ELISA. IL-7 immunohistochemistry was performed on 10 human bone NSCLC metastasis biopsies for comparison. At 12 weeks after bone implant, osteogenic activity and neovascularization was observed, confirming bone vitality. Tumor aggressive cells implanted close to human bone invaded the bone tissue. The bone-aggressive cancer cells were positive for IL-7 staining both in the mice model and in human biopsies. Higher IL-7 serum levels were found in mice injected with A549 cells close to the bone implant compared to mice injected with A549 cells in the flank opposite to the bone implant. We demonstrated that bone-invading cells express and produce IL-7, which is known to promote osteoclast activation and osteolytic lesions. Tumor-bone interaction increases IL-7 production. The presented mice model of bone invasion by contiguous tumor is suitable to study bone-tumor cell interaction. IL-7 plays a role in the first steps of metastatic process.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20067635
NSCLC cells; IL-7; mice model
Roato I; Caldo D; Godio L; D'Amico L; Giannoni P; Morello E; Quarto R; Molfetta L; Buracco P; Mussa A; Ferracini R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/100210
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