Deformable liposomes were prepared to investigate the effectiveness of dermal administration of methotrexate (MTX). The phospholipids used to prepare the liposomes were soybean lecithin (PC) or hydrogenated lecithin (HPC) and dipotassium glycyrrhizinate (KG) as surfactant. The lipid/KG ratio (w/w) was 2:1 and 4:1. Liposomes size, entrapment efficiency and MTX release through dialysis membrane were determined and the interaction between MTX and liposomes was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry. The MTX amount permeated through pig skin were three- to four-fold higher using liposomes containing KG compared to those from water solution or normal liposomes. No significant differences were observed between PC-KG liposomes and HPC-KG liposomes. At the end of the skin permeation assay using deformable liposomes, up to 50% of the administered dose was found in the skin. This capability depends on the self-regulating carrier deformability. These results suggest that liposomes containing KG may be of value for the topical administration of MTX in the treatment of psoriasis.

Deformable liposomes for dermal administration of methotrexate

TROTTA, Michele;PEIRA, Elena;CARLOTTI, Maria Eugenia;GALLARATE, Marina
2004

Abstract

Deformable liposomes were prepared to investigate the effectiveness of dermal administration of methotrexate (MTX). The phospholipids used to prepare the liposomes were soybean lecithin (PC) or hydrogenated lecithin (HPC) and dipotassium glycyrrhizinate (KG) as surfactant. The lipid/KG ratio (w/w) was 2:1 and 4:1. Liposomes size, entrapment efficiency and MTX release through dialysis membrane were determined and the interaction between MTX and liposomes was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry. The MTX amount permeated through pig skin were three- to four-fold higher using liposomes containing KG compared to those from water solution or normal liposomes. No significant differences were observed between PC-KG liposomes and HPC-KG liposomes. At the end of the skin permeation assay using deformable liposomes, up to 50% of the administered dose was found in the skin. This capability depends on the self-regulating carrier deformability. These results suggest that liposomes containing KG may be of value for the topical administration of MTX in the treatment of psoriasis.
270
119
125
TROTTA M.; PEIRA E.; CARLOTTI M.E.; GALLARATE M.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
articolo liposomi mtx.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: POSTPRINT (VERSIONE FINALE DELL’AUTORE)
Dimensione 79.58 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
79.58 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/100316
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 17
  • Scopus 210
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 181
social impact