The mechanical stress imposed by hemodynamic overload on heart walls is a primary event in triggering the cardiac hypertrophic response. Integrins, a class of membrane receptors, are major players in transmitting the mechanical force across the plasma membrane and sensing the mechanical load in cardiomyocytes. In fact, integrins, together with a number of associated cytoskeletal proteins, connect the sarcomeric contractile apparatus to the extracellular matrix across the plasma membrane and trigger intracellular signaling pathways activating the cardiomyocyte hypertrophy program. In this review, we will discuss the role of the muscle-specific integrin isoform beta1D and of associated proteins such as FAK, melusin, vinculin, zyxin, VASP, and migfilin that are the most upstream elements ("initiators") activated by mechanical strain. These molecules trigger a coordinated downstream signaling cascade involving proteins such as AKT, RAS, and MAPKs that execute the biochemical program leading to cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Better understanding of the functional role of the initiator elements is of key importance to developing novel strategies to control cardiac hypertrophy and prevent heart failure.

Integrin signalling: The tug-of-war in heart hypertrophy

BRANCACCIO, Mara;HIRSCH, Emilio;TARONE, Guido
2006

Abstract

The mechanical stress imposed by hemodynamic overload on heart walls is a primary event in triggering the cardiac hypertrophic response. Integrins, a class of membrane receptors, are major players in transmitting the mechanical force across the plasma membrane and sensing the mechanical load in cardiomyocytes. In fact, integrins, together with a number of associated cytoskeletal proteins, connect the sarcomeric contractile apparatus to the extracellular matrix across the plasma membrane and trigger intracellular signaling pathways activating the cardiomyocyte hypertrophy program. In this review, we will discuss the role of the muscle-specific integrin isoform beta1D and of associated proteins such as FAK, melusin, vinculin, zyxin, VASP, and migfilin that are the most upstream elements ("initiators") activated by mechanical strain. These molecules trigger a coordinated downstream signaling cascade involving proteins such as AKT, RAS, and MAPKs that execute the biochemical program leading to cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Better understanding of the functional role of the initiator elements is of key importance to developing novel strategies to control cardiac hypertrophy and prevent heart failure.
70(3)
422
433
http://cardiovascres.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/70/3/422
Cardiac hypertrophy; Integrins; Mechano-transduction; Signal transduction
BRANCACCIO M; HIRSCH E; NOTTE A; SELVETELLA G; LEMBO G; TARONE G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/10157
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