A reliable ante-mortem test for the detection of scrapie in all genotypes has not yet been developed and clinical diagnosis remains a useful tool for surveillance purposes. This paper describes the results of a three-year study in which clinical signs consistent with scrapie were recorded according to standardized criteria in 245 sheep from 21 outbreaks in Italy in order to identify helpful criteria for the diagnosis of the disease. Thirty-seven sheep were scrapie-positive at post-mortem rapid testing, 23 showed weight loss, 20 had proprioceptive deficits, 17 demonstrated ataxia and nibble reflex, and some sheep had a combination of signs. Six scrapie-positive sheep were asymptomatic. The clinical protocol was easy to handle and appears to be a useful tool for improving passive surveillance. The data suggested that positive clinical history, nibble, and nibble combined with proprioceptive positioning deficit have a quite high negative predictive value. The protocol will be proposed as a tool for field inspection in passive surveillance in Italy.

Assessment of clinical criteria to diagnose scrapie in Italy

D'ANGELO, Antonio;BORRELLI, Antonio;
2007

Abstract

A reliable ante-mortem test for the detection of scrapie in all genotypes has not yet been developed and clinical diagnosis remains a useful tool for surveillance purposes. This paper describes the results of a three-year study in which clinical signs consistent with scrapie were recorded according to standardized criteria in 245 sheep from 21 outbreaks in Italy in order to identify helpful criteria for the diagnosis of the disease. Thirty-seven sheep were scrapie-positive at post-mortem rapid testing, 23 showed weight loss, 20 had proprioceptive deficits, 17 demonstrated ataxia and nibble reflex, and some sheep had a combination of signs. Six scrapie-positive sheep were asymptomatic. The clinical protocol was easy to handle and appears to be a useful tool for improving passive surveillance. The data suggested that positive clinical history, nibble, and nibble combined with proprioceptive positioning deficit have a quite high negative predictive value. The protocol will be proposed as a tool for field inspection in passive surveillance in Italy.
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D'ANGELO A; MAURELLA C; BONA C; BORRELLI A; CARAMELLI M; CAREDDU E; JAGGY A; RU G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/102155
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