Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and its major receptor FGF receptor-1 (FGFR-1) play an important role in the development of the cortex. The mechanisms underlying the mitogenic role of bFGF/FGFR-1 signaling have not been elucidated. Intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in proliferating cortical neuroepithelial cells are markedly dependent on Ca2+ entry (Maric et al., 2000a). The absence of voltage-dependent Ca2+ entry channels, which emerge later, indicates that other membrane mechanisms regulate [Ca2+]i during proliferation. Canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) family channels are candidates because they are voltage independent and are expressed during CNS development (Strübing et al., 2003). Here, we investigated the involvement of TRPC1 in bFGF-mediated Ca2+ entry and proliferation of embryonic rat neural stem cells (NSCs). Both TRPC1 and FGFR-1 are expressed in the embryonic rat telencephalon and coimmunoprecipitate. Quantitative fluorescence-activated cell sorting analyses of phenotyped telencephalic dissociates show that approximately 80% of NSCs are TRPC1+, proliferating, and express FGFR-1. Like NSCs profiled ex vivo, NSC-derived progeny proliferating in vitro coexpress TRPC1 and FGFR1. Antisense knock-down of TRPC1 significantly decreases bFGF-mediated proliferation of NSC progeny, reduces the Ca2+ entry component of the Cai2+ response to bFGF without affecting Ca2+ release from intracellular stores or 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol-induced Ca2+ entry, and significantly blocks an inward cation current evoked by bFGF in proliferating NSCs. Both Ca2+ influx evoked by bFGF and NSC proliferation are attenuated by Gd3+ and SKF96365 two antagonists of agonist-stimulated Ca2+ entry. Together, these results show that TRPC1 contributes to bFGF/FGFR-1-induced Ca2+ influx, which is involved in self-renewal of embryonic rat NSCs.

Canonical Transient Receptor Potential 1 Plays a Role in Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF)/FGF Receptor-1-Induced Ca2+ Entry and Embryonic Rat Neural Stem Cell Proliferation

FIORIO PLA, ALESSANDRA;GIACOBINI, PAOLO;
2005

Abstract

Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and its major receptor FGF receptor-1 (FGFR-1) play an important role in the development of the cortex. The mechanisms underlying the mitogenic role of bFGF/FGFR-1 signaling have not been elucidated. Intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in proliferating cortical neuroepithelial cells are markedly dependent on Ca2+ entry (Maric et al., 2000a). The absence of voltage-dependent Ca2+ entry channels, which emerge later, indicates that other membrane mechanisms regulate [Ca2+]i during proliferation. Canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) family channels are candidates because they are voltage independent and are expressed during CNS development (Strübing et al., 2003). Here, we investigated the involvement of TRPC1 in bFGF-mediated Ca2+ entry and proliferation of embryonic rat neural stem cells (NSCs). Both TRPC1 and FGFR-1 are expressed in the embryonic rat telencephalon and coimmunoprecipitate. Quantitative fluorescence-activated cell sorting analyses of phenotyped telencephalic dissociates show that approximately 80% of NSCs are TRPC1+, proliferating, and express FGFR-1. Like NSCs profiled ex vivo, NSC-derived progeny proliferating in vitro coexpress TRPC1 and FGFR1. Antisense knock-down of TRPC1 significantly decreases bFGF-mediated proliferation of NSC progeny, reduces the Ca2+ entry component of the Cai2+ response to bFGF without affecting Ca2+ release from intracellular stores or 1-oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol-induced Ca2+ entry, and significantly blocks an inward cation current evoked by bFGF in proliferating NSCs. Both Ca2+ influx evoked by bFGF and NSC proliferation are attenuated by Gd3+ and SKF96365 two antagonists of agonist-stimulated Ca2+ entry. Together, these results show that TRPC1 contributes to bFGF/FGFR-1-induced Ca2+ influx, which is involved in self-renewal of embryonic rat NSCs.
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A. FIORIO PLA; DRAGAN MARIC; SO-CHING BRAZER; P. GIACOBINI; XIBAO LIU; YOONG HEE CHANG; INDU S. AMBUDKAR; AND JEFFERY L. BARKER
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/102500
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