Stand structure, quality and quantity of coarse woody debris (CWD) and the importance of the stumps for the Norway spruce ( Picea abies (L.)Karst.) regeneration were studied in the Valbona Forest Reserve in the eastern Italian Alps.Past history, present structures, quantity and quality of coarse woody debris (CWD) are fundamental steps for increasing our knowledge of thenatural forest stand dynamics. This is particularly relevant in the Italian Alps where all forests have been used by humans for millennia.Nevertheless, in the last decades there has been a noticeable reduction of the anthropogenic disturbance and, as a consequence, many forest standshave developed naturally even if their composition and structure still reflect past human activity.Themeanvolume ofCWDinthe Valbona Forest Reservewas 23.4 m 3 ha À 1 ranging inthe samplingplots between 0.0and89.3 m 3 ha À 1 .Of thetotal volume of dead and living trees, CWD comprised 4.9%. Among the CWD, the volume of logs (37.6%) was greater than the volume of snags(32.0%) and stumps (30.4%). There are no significant differences in the quantity of CWD among the structural categories. The decompositionclasses of the CWD are different in the three CWD types and are the result of the recent land-use history of the reserve: the stumps are presentmainly in the most decomposed stages (III and IV) while the snags and the logs are present mainly in the first and in the second decay class,respectively.ThestumpsplayanimportantrolefortheregenerationoftheNorwayspruce:morethan57%ofthepresentdominanttreesestablishedon stumps and the present density of the regeneration on the stumps is five times the density of the regeneration on the ground. Stumps in advanceddecay classes (III and IV) are more suitable for regeneration than those in early decay classes

Coarse woody debris, forest structure and regeneration in the Valbona Forest Reserve, Paneveggio, Italian Alps

MOTTA, Renzo;BERRETTI, Roberta;
2006-01-01

Abstract

Stand structure, quality and quantity of coarse woody debris (CWD) and the importance of the stumps for the Norway spruce ( Picea abies (L.)Karst.) regeneration were studied in the Valbona Forest Reserve in the eastern Italian Alps.Past history, present structures, quantity and quality of coarse woody debris (CWD) are fundamental steps for increasing our knowledge of thenatural forest stand dynamics. This is particularly relevant in the Italian Alps where all forests have been used by humans for millennia.Nevertheless, in the last decades there has been a noticeable reduction of the anthropogenic disturbance and, as a consequence, many forest standshave developed naturally even if their composition and structure still reflect past human activity.Themeanvolume ofCWDinthe Valbona Forest Reservewas 23.4 m 3 ha À 1 ranging inthe samplingplots between 0.0and89.3 m 3 ha À 1 .Of thetotal volume of dead and living trees, CWD comprised 4.9%. Among the CWD, the volume of logs (37.6%) was greater than the volume of snags(32.0%) and stumps (30.4%). There are no significant differences in the quantity of CWD among the structural categories. The decompositionclasses of the CWD are different in the three CWD types and are the result of the recent land-use history of the reserve: the stumps are presentmainly in the most decomposed stages (III and IV) while the snags and the logs are present mainly in the first and in the second decay class,respectively.ThestumpsplayanimportantrolefortheregenerationoftheNorwayspruce:morethan57%ofthepresentdominanttreesestablishedon stumps and the present density of the regeneration on the stumps is five times the density of the regeneration on the ground. Stumps in advanceddecay classes (III and IV) are more suitable for regeneration than those in early decay classes
2006
235
155
163
Motta, Renzo; Berretti, Roberta; Lingua, E; Piussi, P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/104320
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