OBJECTIVE Frequent episodes of severe hypoglycemia may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people with diabetes. Our aim was to study the relationship between severe hypoglycemic episodes and CVD incidence in subjects with type 1 diabetes. Further, to assess if markers of both inflammation/endothelial injury were enhanced in individuals who experienced hypoglycemic episodes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The prospective study included 2,181 type 1 diabetic patients from the EURODIAB PCS. At baseline frequency of self-reported severe hypoglycemia, defined as episodes serious enough to require the help of another person, was assessed based on responses to a patient questionnaire. Both fatal and nonfatal CVD was assessed 7.3 years after baseline examination. At the follow-up visit, data on both severe and non-severe hypoglycemic episodes in the previous year were collected through a questionnaire and markers of inflammation/stress response/endothelial injury measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in the 531 subjects of the nested case-control study, including 363 cases with one or more complications of diabetes and 168 controls with no evidence of any complication. RESULTS During follow-up period, 176 patients had incident CVD. Logistic regression analysis showed that severe hypoglycemia at the baseline examination was not associated with incidence of CVD [adjusted ORs (95% CI), 1-2 episodes: 0.87 (0.55-1.37); ≥3 episodes: 1.09 (0.68-1.75)]. Furthermore, follow-up serum levels of markers of endothelial damage/inflammation were not cross-sectionally associated with the frequency of hypoglycemic episodes. CONCLUSIONS Taken together our data do not support the hypothesis that in type 1 diabetes severe hypoglycemia increases the risk of CVD.

Severe Hypoglycemia and Cardiovascular Disease Incidence in Type 1 Diabetes: The EURODIAB Prospective Complications Study.

GRUDEN, Gabriella;BARUTTA, FEDERICA;CAVALLO PERIN, Paolo;BRUNO, Graziella
2012

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Frequent episodes of severe hypoglycemia may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in people with diabetes. Our aim was to study the relationship between severe hypoglycemic episodes and CVD incidence in subjects with type 1 diabetes. Further, to assess if markers of both inflammation/endothelial injury were enhanced in individuals who experienced hypoglycemic episodes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The prospective study included 2,181 type 1 diabetic patients from the EURODIAB PCS. At baseline frequency of self-reported severe hypoglycemia, defined as episodes serious enough to require the help of another person, was assessed based on responses to a patient questionnaire. Both fatal and nonfatal CVD was assessed 7.3 years after baseline examination. At the follow-up visit, data on both severe and non-severe hypoglycemic episodes in the previous year were collected through a questionnaire and markers of inflammation/stress response/endothelial injury measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays in the 531 subjects of the nested case-control study, including 363 cases with one or more complications of diabetes and 168 controls with no evidence of any complication. RESULTS During follow-up period, 176 patients had incident CVD. Logistic regression analysis showed that severe hypoglycemia at the baseline examination was not associated with incidence of CVD [adjusted ORs (95% CI), 1-2 episodes: 0.87 (0.55-1.37); ≥3 episodes: 1.09 (0.68-1.75)]. Furthermore, follow-up serum levels of markers of endothelial damage/inflammation were not cross-sectionally associated with the frequency of hypoglycemic episodes. CONCLUSIONS Taken together our data do not support the hypothesis that in type 1 diabetes severe hypoglycemia increases the risk of CVD.
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Gruden G; Barutta F; Chaturvedi N; Schalkwijk C; Stehouwer CD; Witte DR; Fuller JH; Cavallo Perin P; Bruno G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/106986
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