Microvesicles (MVs) play a pivotal role in cell-to-cell communication. Recent studies demonstrated that MVs may transfer genetic information between cells. Here we show that MVs derived from human adult liver stem cells (HLSC) may reprogram in vitro HepG2 hepatoma and primary hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HCC) by inhibiting their growth and survival. In vivo intra-tumor administration of MVs induced regression of ectopic tumors developed in SCID mice. We suggest that the mechanism of action is related to the delivery of miRNAs from HLSC-derived MVs (MV-HLSC) to tumor cells on the basis of the following evidence: 1) the rapid, CD29-mediated internalization of MV-HLSC in HepG2 and the inhibition of tumor cell growth after MV uptake; 2) the transfer by MV-HLSC of miRNAs with potential anti-tumor activity that was downregulated in HepG2 cells in respect to normal hepatocytes; 3) the abrogation of the MV-HLSC anti-tumor effect after MV pre-treatment with RNase or generation of MVs depleted of miRNAs; 4) the relevance of selected miRNAs was proven by transfecting HepG2 with miRNA mimics. The anti-tumor effect of MV-HLSC was also observed in tumors other than liver such as lymphoblastoma and glioblastoma. These results suggest that the delivery of selected miRNAs by MVs derived from stem cells may inhibit tumor growth and stimulate apoptosis.

Human Liver Stem Cell-Derived Microvesicles Inhibit Hepatoma Growth in SCID Mice By Delivering Anti-tumor microRNAs.

FONSATO, VALENTINA;COLLINO, Federica;CAVALLARI, CLAUDIA;DEREGIBUS, Maria Chiara;BRUNO, Stefania;ROMAGNOLI, Renato;SALIZZONI, Mauro;CAMUSSI, Giovanni
2012-01-01

Abstract

Microvesicles (MVs) play a pivotal role in cell-to-cell communication. Recent studies demonstrated that MVs may transfer genetic information between cells. Here we show that MVs derived from human adult liver stem cells (HLSC) may reprogram in vitro HepG2 hepatoma and primary hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HCC) by inhibiting their growth and survival. In vivo intra-tumor administration of MVs induced regression of ectopic tumors developed in SCID mice. We suggest that the mechanism of action is related to the delivery of miRNAs from HLSC-derived MVs (MV-HLSC) to tumor cells on the basis of the following evidence: 1) the rapid, CD29-mediated internalization of MV-HLSC in HepG2 and the inhibition of tumor cell growth after MV uptake; 2) the transfer by MV-HLSC of miRNAs with potential anti-tumor activity that was downregulated in HepG2 cells in respect to normal hepatocytes; 3) the abrogation of the MV-HLSC anti-tumor effect after MV pre-treatment with RNase or generation of MVs depleted of miRNAs; 4) the relevance of selected miRNAs was proven by transfecting HepG2 with miRNA mimics. The anti-tumor effect of MV-HLSC was also observed in tumors other than liver such as lymphoblastoma and glioblastoma. These results suggest that the delivery of selected miRNAs by MVs derived from stem cells may inhibit tumor growth and stimulate apoptosis.
2012
30
1985
1998
Stem cells; microvesicles; tumor
Fonsato V; Collino F; Herrera MB; Cavallari C; Deregibus MC; Cisterna B; Bruno S; Romagnoli R; Salizzoni M; Tetta C; Camussi G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/107169
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