We recently demonstrated that the peripheral gamma delta T-cell repertoire becomes oligoclonal with increasing age. Although this junctional homogeneity should not severely affect the ability of gamma delta T cells to respond to foreign antigens, we reasoned that a similar oligoclonal repertoire of alpha beta T cells would lead to a profound impairment of the MHC-restricted response. We used heteroduplex analysis in this research to study the clonal complexity of the peripheral alpha beta T-cell repertoire in human subjects and supply evidence for the presence of alpha beta clonal expansions. Clonal predominance in the alpha beta T-cell repertoire of normal subjects was not simply related to age, since the PBL of young donors also showed clonal expansions and did not always correlate with a numeric increase in the corresponding V beta family. However, the type of alpha beta expansion appears to be strikingly different from the gamma delta expansions. In the case of alpha beta T cells, even in the presence of clonal dominance, evidence for a residual polyclonal background was found in all the donors tested, irrespective of age. The observation that true oligoclonality is exceptionally rare among alpha beta T lymphocytes could mean that maintenance of a highly diversified reservoir of TCR is primary for these cells throughout life.

Clonal predominance, but preservation of a polyclonal reservoir, in the normal alpha beta T-cell repertoire.

LANTELME, Erica Maria;GIACHINO, Claudia
1997

Abstract

We recently demonstrated that the peripheral gamma delta T-cell repertoire becomes oligoclonal with increasing age. Although this junctional homogeneity should not severely affect the ability of gamma delta T cells to respond to foreign antigens, we reasoned that a similar oligoclonal repertoire of alpha beta T cells would lead to a profound impairment of the MHC-restricted response. We used heteroduplex analysis in this research to study the clonal complexity of the peripheral alpha beta T-cell repertoire in human subjects and supply evidence for the presence of alpha beta clonal expansions. Clonal predominance in the alpha beta T-cell repertoire of normal subjects was not simply related to age, since the PBL of young donors also showed clonal expansions and did not always correlate with a numeric increase in the corresponding V beta family. However, the type of alpha beta expansion appears to be strikingly different from the gamma delta expansions. In the case of alpha beta T cells, even in the presence of clonal dominance, evidence for a residual polyclonal background was found in all the donors tested, irrespective of age. The observation that true oligoclonality is exceptionally rare among alpha beta T lymphocytes could mean that maintenance of a highly diversified reservoir of TCR is primary for these cells throughout life.
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Lantelme, Erica Maria; Granziero, L; Angman, L; Giachino, Claudia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/108406
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