The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was defined in 1994 by the American-European Consensus Conference (AECC); since then, issues regarding the reliability and validity of this definition have emerged. Using a consensus process, a panel of experts convened in 2011 (an initiative of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine endorsed by the American Thoracic Society and the Society of Critical Care Medicine) developed the Berlin Definition, focusing on feasibility, reliability, validity, and objective evaluation of its performance. A draft definition proposed 3 mutually exclusive categories of ARDS based on degree of hypoxemia: mild (200 mm HgPaO2/FIO2300 mmHg), moderate (100mmHgPaO2/FIO2200mmHg), and severe (PaO2/FIO2100mmHg) and 4 ancillary variables for severe ARDS: radiographic severity, respiratory system compliance (40 mL/cm H2O), positive endexpiratory pressure (10 cm H2O), and corrected expired volume per minute(10 L/min). The draft Berlin Definition was empirically evaluated using patientlevel meta-analysis of 4188 patients with ARDS from 4 multicenter clinical data sets and 269 patients with ARDS from 3 single-center data sets containing physiologic information. The 4 ancillary variables did not contribute to the predictive validity of severe ARDS for mortality and were removed from the definition. Using the Berlin Definition, stages of mild, moderate, and severe ARDS were associated with increased mortality (27%;95%CI, 24%-30%; 32%;95% CI, 29%-34%; and 45%; 95% CI, 42%-48%, respectively; P.001) and increased median duration of mechanical ventilation in survivors (5 days; interquartile [IQR], 2-11; 7 days; IQR, 4-14; and 9 days; IQR, 5-17, respectively; P.001). Compared with the AECC definition, the final Berlin Definition had better predictive validity for mortality, with an area under the receiver operating curve of 0.577 (95% CI, 0.561-0.593) vs 0.536 (95% CI, 0.520-0.553; P.001). This updated and revised Berlin Definition for ARDS addresses a number of the limitations of the AECC definition. The approach of combining consensus discussions with empirical evaluation may serve as a model to create more accurate, evidence-based, critical illness syndrome definitions and to better inform clinical care, research, and health services planning.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome:The Berlin Definition

RANIERI, Vito Marco;
2012

Abstract

The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was defined in 1994 by the American-European Consensus Conference (AECC); since then, issues regarding the reliability and validity of this definition have emerged. Using a consensus process, a panel of experts convened in 2011 (an initiative of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine endorsed by the American Thoracic Society and the Society of Critical Care Medicine) developed the Berlin Definition, focusing on feasibility, reliability, validity, and objective evaluation of its performance. A draft definition proposed 3 mutually exclusive categories of ARDS based on degree of hypoxemia: mild (200 mm HgPaO2/FIO2300 mmHg), moderate (100mmHgPaO2/FIO2200mmHg), and severe (PaO2/FIO2100mmHg) and 4 ancillary variables for severe ARDS: radiographic severity, respiratory system compliance (40 mL/cm H2O), positive endexpiratory pressure (10 cm H2O), and corrected expired volume per minute(10 L/min). The draft Berlin Definition was empirically evaluated using patientlevel meta-analysis of 4188 patients with ARDS from 4 multicenter clinical data sets and 269 patients with ARDS from 3 single-center data sets containing physiologic information. The 4 ancillary variables did not contribute to the predictive validity of severe ARDS for mortality and were removed from the definition. Using the Berlin Definition, stages of mild, moderate, and severe ARDS were associated with increased mortality (27%;95%CI, 24%-30%; 32%;95% CI, 29%-34%; and 45%; 95% CI, 42%-48%, respectively; P.001) and increased median duration of mechanical ventilation in survivors (5 days; interquartile [IQR], 2-11; 7 days; IQR, 4-14; and 9 days; IQR, 5-17, respectively; P.001). Compared with the AECC definition, the final Berlin Definition had better predictive validity for mortality, with an area under the receiver operating curve of 0.577 (95% CI, 0.561-0.593) vs 0.536 (95% CI, 0.520-0.553; P.001). This updated and revised Berlin Definition for ARDS addresses a number of the limitations of the AECC definition. The approach of combining consensus discussions with empirical evaluation may serve as a model to create more accurate, evidence-based, critical illness syndrome definitions and to better inform clinical care, research, and health services planning.
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VM Ranieri; GD Rubenfeld; BT Thompson; ND Ferguson; E Caldwell; E Fan; L Camporota; The ARDS Definition Task Force
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/112234
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