[-2]pro-prostate-specific antigen (2pPSA), a proform of PSA, is a new marker in patients at risk of prostate cancer. We explored the potential role of 2pPSA in the identification of patients with metastatic progression following radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. Seventy-six patients with biochemical (PSA) recurrence following radical prostatectomy were studied retrospectively. Diagnostic imaging performed at the time of biochemical recurrence confirmed metastatic disease in 31 of the 76 patients. Serum samples were collected and stored at the time of imaging-confirmed metastatic progression or at the most recent procedure for patients with negative imaging. Median values of PSA, free PSA (fPSA), %fPSA, 2pPSA and prostate health index (PHI) were compared between metastatic and non-metastatic patients by the Mann-Whitney U test. The results of each test were then correlated with metastatic status by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. PSA, fPSA, %fPSA, 2pPSA serum concentrations and PHI values were statistically significantly higher in patients with metastatic disease. Results of the multivariate analysis revealed that 2pPSA remained a statistically significant predictor of imaging-proven metastatic prostate cancer among patients with biochemical recurrence. At a cut-off value of 12.25 pg/ml, 2pPSA outperformed the other markers in terms of sensitivity and specificity (97 and 80%, respectively) with respect to imaging-confirmed metastatic progression. This is the first study suggesting that 2pPSA predicts diagnostic imaging-proven metastatic disease in previously resected prostate cancer patients with biochemical recurrence. Our results merit validation in a prospective study.

A pilot study evaluating serum pro-prostate-specific antigen in patients with rising PSA following radical prostatectomy. 2012 Apr 1;3(4):819-824. Epub 2012 Jan 16. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3362404.

BERRUTI, Alfredo;AGLIETTA, Massimo;
2012

Abstract

[-2]pro-prostate-specific antigen (2pPSA), a proform of PSA, is a new marker in patients at risk of prostate cancer. We explored the potential role of 2pPSA in the identification of patients with metastatic progression following radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. Seventy-six patients with biochemical (PSA) recurrence following radical prostatectomy were studied retrospectively. Diagnostic imaging performed at the time of biochemical recurrence confirmed metastatic disease in 31 of the 76 patients. Serum samples were collected and stored at the time of imaging-confirmed metastatic progression or at the most recent procedure for patients with negative imaging. Median values of PSA, free PSA (fPSA), %fPSA, 2pPSA and prostate health index (PHI) were compared between metastatic and non-metastatic patients by the Mann-Whitney U test. The results of each test were then correlated with metastatic status by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. PSA, fPSA, %fPSA, 2pPSA serum concentrations and PHI values were statistically significantly higher in patients with metastatic disease. Results of the multivariate analysis revealed that 2pPSA remained a statistically significant predictor of imaging-proven metastatic prostate cancer among patients with biochemical recurrence. At a cut-off value of 12.25 pg/ml, 2pPSA outperformed the other markers in terms of sensitivity and specificity (97 and 80%, respectively) with respect to imaging-confirmed metastatic progression. This is the first study suggesting that 2pPSA predicts diagnostic imaging-proven metastatic disease in previously resected prostate cancer patients with biochemical recurrence. Our results merit validation in a prospective study.
Apr 1;3
4
819
824
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3362404/
prostate cancer; cancer metastasis; biochemical recurrence
Sottile A; Ortega C; Berruti A; Mangioni M; Saponaro S; Polo A; Prati V; Muto G; Aglietta M; Montemurro F.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Oncol Lett 2012_Sottile A.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: POSTPRINT (VERSIONE FINALE DELL’AUTORE)
Dimensione 317.18 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
317.18 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/113622
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 10
social impact