Clays (especially montmorillonite and bentonite) are widely used as barriers in landfills to prevent contamination of subsoil and groundwater by leachates containing heavy metals. For this reason it is important to study the adsorption of metals by these clays. The sorption of seven metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) on Na-montmorillonite was studied as a function of pH and in the presence of ligands, forming complexes of different stabilities with the metals of interest. The continuous column method was used as it better simulates natural conditions. The total capacity of Na-montmorillonite towards these metals was determined. The pH variations influence to a higher extent the concentrations of Cu, Pb and Cd in the effluent. Moreover the results suggest that complex formation hinders the sorption of the metals on the clay, with an increasing influence in the order: Mn less than or equal to Pb less than or equal to Cd less than or equal to Zn < Ni < Cu < Cr. The evaluation of the total capacity of Na-montmorillonite shows that this clay is a good sorbent towards all examined metals.

Adsorption of heavy metals on Na-montmorillonite. Effect of pH and organic substances

ABOLLINO, Ornella;ACETO, Maurizio;MALANDRINO, Mery;SARZANINI, Corrado;MENTASTI, Edoardo
2003

Abstract

Clays (especially montmorillonite and bentonite) are widely used as barriers in landfills to prevent contamination of subsoil and groundwater by leachates containing heavy metals. For this reason it is important to study the adsorption of metals by these clays. The sorption of seven metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) on Na-montmorillonite was studied as a function of pH and in the presence of ligands, forming complexes of different stabilities with the metals of interest. The continuous column method was used as it better simulates natural conditions. The total capacity of Na-montmorillonite towards these metals was determined. The pH variations influence to a higher extent the concentrations of Cu, Pb and Cd in the effluent. Moreover the results suggest that complex formation hinders the sorption of the metals on the clay, with an increasing influence in the order: Mn less than or equal to Pb less than or equal to Cd less than or equal to Zn < Ni < Cu < Cr. The evaluation of the total capacity of Na-montmorillonite shows that this clay is a good sorbent towards all examined metals.
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Na-montmorillonite, heavy metals, adsorption, metal complexes, breakthrough
ABOLLINO O; ACETO M; MALANDRINO M; SARZANINI C; MENTASTI E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/116981
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