Amyloid-β 1-42 accumulation is the major pathogenetic event in Alzheimer's disease (AD), believed to be responsible for synaptic dysfunction and neuronal cell death. However, the physiologic activity of Aβ peptides remains elusive: Aβ might not only play a toxic role, but also act as a functional signaling intermediate. We recently reported that Aβ1-42 promotes BACE1 transcription through the activation of the JNK-c-jun pathway. Here, we show that the Aβ1-42-mediated increase in BACE1 expression is accompanied by a decrease in ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 (Uch-L1) expression and activity in different cellular models such as neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y as well as NT(2) neuronal cells. We also found that the increase in BACE1 and the decrease in Uch-L1 are related events and depend on NF-κB pathway; thus, Aβ1-42 is able to activate NF-κB pathway and the pretreatment with a pharmacological inhibitor, able to block the nuclear translocation of the transactivating unit p65, almost completely prevents both the decrease in Uch-L1 and the increase in BACE1 expression. In addition, the decrease in Uch-L1 activity interferes with the lysosomal degradation of BACE1, as demonstrated by the decrease in Cathepsin D activity and the partial accumulation of BACE1 in lysosomes after Aβ1-42 treatment as well after Uch-L1 inhibition. In support of the in vitro data, we observed low protein levels of Uch-L1 associated with high protein levels of BACE1 in sporadic AD brains. Our data suggest that Uch-L1 could be an attractive target for the development of new therapeutic approaches for AD.

Aβ1-42-mediated down-regulation of Uch-L1 is dependent on NF-κB activation and impaired BACE1 lysosomal degradation.

GUGLIELMOTTO, Michela;MONTELEONE, DEBORA;BOIDO, Marina Maria;PIRAS, ANTONIO;VERCELLI, Alessandro;TAMAGNO, Elena
2012

Abstract

Amyloid-β 1-42 accumulation is the major pathogenetic event in Alzheimer's disease (AD), believed to be responsible for synaptic dysfunction and neuronal cell death. However, the physiologic activity of Aβ peptides remains elusive: Aβ might not only play a toxic role, but also act as a functional signaling intermediate. We recently reported that Aβ1-42 promotes BACE1 transcription through the activation of the JNK-c-jun pathway. Here, we show that the Aβ1-42-mediated increase in BACE1 expression is accompanied by a decrease in ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 (Uch-L1) expression and activity in different cellular models such as neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y as well as NT(2) neuronal cells. We also found that the increase in BACE1 and the decrease in Uch-L1 are related events and depend on NF-κB pathway; thus, Aβ1-42 is able to activate NF-κB pathway and the pretreatment with a pharmacological inhibitor, able to block the nuclear translocation of the transactivating unit p65, almost completely prevents both the decrease in Uch-L1 and the increase in BACE1 expression. In addition, the decrease in Uch-L1 activity interferes with the lysosomal degradation of BACE1, as demonstrated by the decrease in Cathepsin D activity and the partial accumulation of BACE1 in lysosomes after Aβ1-42 treatment as well after Uch-L1 inhibition. In support of the in vitro data, we observed low protein levels of Uch-L1 associated with high protein levels of BACE1 in sporadic AD brains. Our data suggest that Uch-L1 could be an attractive target for the development of new therapeutic approaches for AD.
11
834
844
Guglielmotto M; Monteleone D; Boido M; Piras A; Giliberto L; Borghi R; Vercelli A; Fornaro M; Tabaton M; Tamagno E.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Guglielmotto_et_al-2012-Aging_Cell.pdf

Accesso aperto

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 494.11 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
494.11 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/117346
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 17
  • Scopus 47
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 45
social impact