The aims of this research were to prepare highly bioavailable binary cogrounds (vincamine–AcDiSol® or PVP-Cl) by means of a mechanochemical process and to study the mediation of each polymer in the induction of physical transformations of the drug. From a set of fifteen cogrounds for each crosslinked polymer, two samples were selected in each group on the basis of the AUC of in vitro dissolution profiles with the help of a statistical comparison. The chosen samples were analysed by means of TEM, XRPD, Raman-spectroscopy/imaging, SSNMR, also including the study of 1H spin–lattice relaxation times. The research encompassed in vivo oral absorption studies in rats, pharmacokinetic analysis and physical stability studies during 1 year. An intimate drug–polymer mixing was found in the coground samples with domain average dimensions smaller than 100 A˚ ; this reflected in a remarkable enhancement of the in vitro and in vivo bioavailability. Different disordered states were detected in the coground samples as a function of cogrinding time and the type and amount of polymer used. Though both crosslinked polymers produced a remarkable enhancement of the oral bioavailability, coground systems based on AcDiSol® are preferable in terms of pharmacokinetic performance and physical stability.

Mechanochemically induced disordered structures of vincamine: The different mediation of two cross-linked polymers

CHIEROTTI, Michele Remo;GOBETTO, Roberto;
2012-01-01

Abstract

The aims of this research were to prepare highly bioavailable binary cogrounds (vincamine–AcDiSol® or PVP-Cl) by means of a mechanochemical process and to study the mediation of each polymer in the induction of physical transformations of the drug. From a set of fifteen cogrounds for each crosslinked polymer, two samples were selected in each group on the basis of the AUC of in vitro dissolution profiles with the help of a statistical comparison. The chosen samples were analysed by means of TEM, XRPD, Raman-spectroscopy/imaging, SSNMR, also including the study of 1H spin–lattice relaxation times. The research encompassed in vivo oral absorption studies in rats, pharmacokinetic analysis and physical stability studies during 1 year. An intimate drug–polymer mixing was found in the coground samples with domain average dimensions smaller than 100 A˚ ; this reflected in a remarkable enhancement of the in vitro and in vivo bioavailability. Different disordered states were detected in the coground samples as a function of cogrinding time and the type and amount of polymer used. Though both crosslinked polymers produced a remarkable enhancement of the oral bioavailability, coground systems based on AcDiSol® are preferable in terms of pharmacokinetic performance and physical stability.
436
1-2
41
57
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378517312006229
Vincamine; Mechanochemical activation; Cross-linked polymers; Physico-chemical characterisation; Bioavailability; Physical stability; solid state NMR
D. Hasa; B. Perissutti; M. R. Chierotti; R. Gobetto; I. Grabnar; A. Bonifacio; S. Dall’Acqua; S. Invernizzi; D. Voinovich
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/118218
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