Unconventional in situ synthesis of MgB2 undoped and doped with fullerene (C60) was performed by using a single-mode microwave (MW) furnace. Structural properties suggested that C substitutes for B in the crystal lattice of MgB2, while the Jc showed typical enhancement at high magnetic fields when C chemical doping occurred. This behavior was similar to published results for another field-activated unconventional method of processing, i.e., spark plasma sintering, and it was opposite to the conventional powder-in-tube method for which chemical substitution was not realized when using addition of C60. Certain morphologically unique features such as the occurrence of needlelike grains were revealed in the MW samples. Our MW samples showed higher relative density (≤83%) than previously reported data. Magnetic relaxation experiments suggested the presence of microscopic flux jumps in the MW samples, while macroscopic flux jumps were not observed.

Microwave Synthesis of Fullerene-Doped MgB2

PLAPCIANU, CARMEN GABRIELA;AGOSTINO, Angelo;ALDICA, Gheorghe Virgil;BONOMETTI, Elisabetta;TRUCCATO, Marco;CAGLIERO, Stefano;
2012

Abstract

Unconventional in situ synthesis of MgB2 undoped and doped with fullerene (C60) was performed by using a single-mode microwave (MW) furnace. Structural properties suggested that C substitutes for B in the crystal lattice of MgB2, while the Jc showed typical enhancement at high magnetic fields when C chemical doping occurred. This behavior was similar to published results for another field-activated unconventional method of processing, i.e., spark plasma sintering, and it was opposite to the conventional powder-in-tube method for which chemical substitution was not realized when using addition of C60. Certain morphologically unique features such as the occurrence of needlelike grains were revealed in the MW samples. Our MW samples showed higher relative density (≤83%) than previously reported data. Magnetic relaxation experiments suggested the presence of microscopic flux jumps in the MW samples, while macroscopic flux jumps were not observed.
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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ie3005429
magnesium diboride; MgB2; single-mode microwave furnace; MW synthesis; C doping; C60; fullerene; spark plasma sintering; SPS
C. Plapcianu; A. Agostino; P. Badica; G. V. Aldica; E. Bonometti; G. Ieluzzi; S. Popa; M. Truccato; S. Cagliero; Y. Sakka; O. Vasylkiv; R. Vidu
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/119248
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