This article is the second part of the survey presenting a systematic crystallographic analysis of hybrid twins inminerals. Here we deal with silicate minerals and in particular the hybrid twins of allanite, augite, axinite, beryl, chloritoid, clinoenstatite, clinozoisite, cordierite, cummingtonite-grunerite, diopside-hedenbergite, enstatite-ferrosilite, epidote, forsterite-fayalite, johannsenite, natrolite, piemontite, pigeonite, protoenstatite, pumpellyite, pyroxmangite, quartz, titanite, spodumene, staurolite, topaz, tourmaline, tremoliteactinolite- ferroactinolite, tridymite. The comparison with the twin analysis of non-silicate minerals shows that the number of hybrid twins for non-silicates is higher than that of the silicates. This well agrees with the fact that the twin formation is favoured by the high symmetries of the close-packing topologies, typical of many non-silicates, especially oxides and simple sulphides, whereas the silicate structures are more complex and characterized by different degrees of polymerization of Si-O tetrahedra.

A survey of hybrid twins in silicate minerals. Eur. J. Mineral., 23, 779-794. DOI 10.1127/0935-1221/2011/0023-2142.

FERRARIS, Giovanni
2011

Abstract

This article is the second part of the survey presenting a systematic crystallographic analysis of hybrid twins inminerals. Here we deal with silicate minerals and in particular the hybrid twins of allanite, augite, axinite, beryl, chloritoid, clinoenstatite, clinozoisite, cordierite, cummingtonite-grunerite, diopside-hedenbergite, enstatite-ferrosilite, epidote, forsterite-fayalite, johannsenite, natrolite, piemontite, pigeonite, protoenstatite, pumpellyite, pyroxmangite, quartz, titanite, spodumene, staurolite, topaz, tourmaline, tremoliteactinolite- ferroactinolite, tridymite. The comparison with the twin analysis of non-silicate minerals shows that the number of hybrid twins for non-silicates is higher than that of the silicates. This well agrees with the fact that the twin formation is favoured by the high symmetries of the close-packing topologies, typical of many non-silicates, especially oxides and simple sulphides, whereas the silicate structures are more complex and characterized by different degrees of polymerization of Si-O tetrahedra.
23
779
794
twinning; hybrid twinning; reticular merohedry; reticular polyholohedry; effective twin index; concurrent (quasi)- restored sublattices.
ISABELLA PIGNATELLI; MASSIMO NESPOLO; GIOVANNI FERRARIS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/120300
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