Abstract Nedocromil sodium (NS) and sodium cromoglycate (CS) (both applied locally into the conjunctival sac) reduced in a dose dependent manner plasma extravasation induced by topical bradykinin and by topical substance P (SP), NS being approximately ten times more potent than CS. Plasma extravasation induced by SP was unaffected by the histamine HI receptor antagonist, pyrilamine, which completely blocked the plasma extravasation induced by histamine. NS and CS reduced the plasma extravasation caused by the mechanical stimulation of the conjunctiva, a response that was not affected by the tachylunin NK, antagonist CP-99.994. NS or CS did not affect the contraction of strips of the guinea-pig trachea in vitro caused by SP in the presence of the tachykinin NK, receptor antagonist SR-48968. NS, more potently than CS, reduces the plasma extravasation caused by various inflammatory stimuli in the guinea-pig conjunctiva, without inhibiting tachykinin NK, receptors, but probably by acting at the level of the venular endothelium. However, an inhibitory action of NS and CS on neural transmission of sensory nerves cannot be excluded.

Nedocromil sodium and sodium cromoglycateinhibit plasma extravasation in the guinea-pig conjunctiva

RICCIARDOLO, Fabio Luigi Massimo;
1995

Abstract

Abstract Nedocromil sodium (NS) and sodium cromoglycate (CS) (both applied locally into the conjunctival sac) reduced in a dose dependent manner plasma extravasation induced by topical bradykinin and by topical substance P (SP), NS being approximately ten times more potent than CS. Plasma extravasation induced by SP was unaffected by the histamine HI receptor antagonist, pyrilamine, which completely blocked the plasma extravasation induced by histamine. NS and CS reduced the plasma extravasation caused by the mechanical stimulation of the conjunctiva, a response that was not affected by the tachylunin NK, antagonist CP-99.994. NS or CS did not affect the contraction of strips of the guinea-pig trachea in vitro caused by SP in the presence of the tachykinin NK, receptor antagonist SR-48968. NS, more potently than CS, reduces the plasma extravasation caused by various inflammatory stimuli in the guinea-pig conjunctiva, without inhibiting tachykinin NK, receptors, but probably by acting at the level of the venular endothelium. However, an inhibitory action of NS and CS on neural transmission of sensory nerves cannot be excluded.
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Panthea Javdan; Michela Figini; Fabio L. M. Ricciardolo; Pierangelo Geppetti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/120337
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