It has been reported that hepatocyte metabolism and function can be modulated by the activated Kupffer cell through the release of different biomolecules like cytokines, eicosanoids, oxygen free radicals and enzymes. In relation to these paracrine factors involved in circuits of intercellular communication, the existence of a hepatic oxygen sensor located in the Kupffer cell has been postulated. According to this postulate the oxygen metabolism of the liver parenchymal cells could be under the control of the Kupffer cells. In order to study the role of the Kupffer cell in the reperfusion syndrome of the liver, a lobular ischaemia-reperfusion model was performed in rats with or without previous treatment with gadolinium chloride to block Kupffer cell function. Spontaneous chemiluminescence of the liver surface, oxygen uptake by tissue slices and tertbutyl hydroperoxide-initiated chemiluminescence determinations were performed to evaluate the oxygen metabolism and the oxy-radical generation by the liver. The lower basal photoemission, in parallel with a lower basal oxygen uptake registered in the hepatic lobes from the animals pretreated with gadolinium chloride clearly indicates that the gadolinium chloride-dependent functional inhibition of Kupffer cell leads to a downregulation of oxygen metabolism by the liver. Moreover, the intensity of oxidative stress exhibited by the postischaemic lobes appears to be closely linked with the Kupffer cell activity. On the basis of the data obtained we propose that a paracrine circuit between activated Kupffer cell and hepatocytes is an early key event in the induction of postischaemic oxidative stress in the liver. Furthermore the interference with the mitochondrial electron flow by some biomolecules released from the activated Kupffer cell, such as tumour necrosis factor, interleukins, eicosanoids, etc., would increase the rate of generation of reactive oxygen species by the inhibited mitochondrial respiratory chain.

Primary role of Kupffer cell-hepatocyte communication in the expression of oxidative stress in the post-ischaemic liver.

CUTRIN, Juan Carlos;
1998

Abstract

It has been reported that hepatocyte metabolism and function can be modulated by the activated Kupffer cell through the release of different biomolecules like cytokines, eicosanoids, oxygen free radicals and enzymes. In relation to these paracrine factors involved in circuits of intercellular communication, the existence of a hepatic oxygen sensor located in the Kupffer cell has been postulated. According to this postulate the oxygen metabolism of the liver parenchymal cells could be under the control of the Kupffer cells. In order to study the role of the Kupffer cell in the reperfusion syndrome of the liver, a lobular ischaemia-reperfusion model was performed in rats with or without previous treatment with gadolinium chloride to block Kupffer cell function. Spontaneous chemiluminescence of the liver surface, oxygen uptake by tissue slices and tertbutyl hydroperoxide-initiated chemiluminescence determinations were performed to evaluate the oxygen metabolism and the oxy-radical generation by the liver. The lower basal photoemission, in parallel with a lower basal oxygen uptake registered in the hepatic lobes from the animals pretreated with gadolinium chloride clearly indicates that the gadolinium chloride-dependent functional inhibition of Kupffer cell leads to a downregulation of oxygen metabolism by the liver. Moreover, the intensity of oxidative stress exhibited by the postischaemic lobes appears to be closely linked with the Kupffer cell activity. On the basis of the data obtained we propose that a paracrine circuit between activated Kupffer cell and hepatocytes is an early key event in the induction of postischaemic oxidative stress in the liver. Furthermore the interference with the mitochondrial electron flow by some biomolecules released from the activated Kupffer cell, such as tumour necrosis factor, interleukins, eicosanoids, etc., would increase the rate of generation of reactive oxygen species by the inhibited mitochondrial respiratory chain.
16
65
72
KUPFFER CELLS; REPERFUSION INJURY.
Cutrín JC; Llesuy S; Boveris A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/121410
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