Abstract The Dictyostelium discoideum genome harbours two genes encoding members of the Nramp superfamily, which is conserved from bacteria (MntH proteins) to humans (Slc11 proteins). Nramps are proton-driven metal ion transporters with a preference for iron and manganese. Acquisition of these metal cations is vital for all cells, as they act as redox cofactors and regulate key cellular processes, such as DNA synthesis, electron transport, energy metabolism and oxidative stress. Dictyostelium Nramp1 (Slc11a1), like its mammalian ortholog, mediates resistance to infection by invasive bacteria. We have extended the analysis to the nramp2 gene, by generating single and double nramp1/nramp2 knockout mutants and cells expressing GFP fusion proteins. In contrast to Nramp1, which is recruited to phagosomes and macropinosomes, the Nramp2 protein is localized exclusively in the membrane of the contractile vacuole, a vesicular-tubular network regulating cellular osmolarity. Both proteins colocalize with the V-H+ ATPase, which can provide the electrogenic force for vectorial transport. Like nramp1, nramp2 gene disruption affects resistance to Legionella pneumophila. Disrupting both genes additionally leads to defects in development, with strong delay in cell aggregation, formation of large streams and multi-tipped aggregates. Single and double mutants display differential sensitivity to cell growth under conditions of iron overload or depletion. The data favour the hypothesis that Nramp1 and Nramp2, under control of the V-H+ ATPase, synergistically regulate iron homeostasis, with the contractile vacuole possibly acting as a store for metal cations.

The Nramp (SLC11) proteins regulate development, resistance to pathogenic bacteria and iron homeostasis in Dictyostelium discoideum

PERACINO, Barbara;BURACCO, SIMONA;BOZZARO, Salvatore
2013

Abstract

Abstract The Dictyostelium discoideum genome harbours two genes encoding members of the Nramp superfamily, which is conserved from bacteria (MntH proteins) to humans (Slc11 proteins). Nramps are proton-driven metal ion transporters with a preference for iron and manganese. Acquisition of these metal cations is vital for all cells, as they act as redox cofactors and regulate key cellular processes, such as DNA synthesis, electron transport, energy metabolism and oxidative stress. Dictyostelium Nramp1 (Slc11a1), like its mammalian ortholog, mediates resistance to infection by invasive bacteria. We have extended the analysis to the nramp2 gene, by generating single and double nramp1/nramp2 knockout mutants and cells expressing GFP fusion proteins. In contrast to Nramp1, which is recruited to phagosomes and macropinosomes, the Nramp2 protein is localized exclusively in the membrane of the contractile vacuole, a vesicular-tubular network regulating cellular osmolarity. Both proteins colocalize with the V-H+ ATPase, which can provide the electrogenic force for vectorial transport. Like nramp1, nramp2 gene disruption affects resistance to Legionella pneumophila. Disrupting both genes additionally leads to defects in development, with strong delay in cell aggregation, formation of large streams and multi-tipped aggregates. Single and double mutants display differential sensitivity to cell growth under conditions of iron overload or depletion. The data favour the hypothesis that Nramp1 and Nramp2, under control of the V-H+ ATPase, synergistically regulate iron homeostasis, with the contractile vacuole possibly acting as a store for metal cations.
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B. Peracino; S. Buracco S; S. Bozzaro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/123822
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