In this paper, we present the problem of counting magic squares and we focus on the case of multiplicative magic squares of order 4. We give the exact number of normal multiplicative magic squares of order 4 with an original and complete proof, pointing out the role of the action of the symmetric group. Moreover, we provide a new representation for magic squares of order 4. Such representation allows the construction of magic squares in a very simple way, using essentially only ve particular 4 x4 matrices .

Squaring the magic squares of order 4

CERRUTI, Umberto;MURRU, NADIR
2012-01-01

Abstract

In this paper, we present the problem of counting magic squares and we focus on the case of multiplicative magic squares of order 4. We give the exact number of normal multiplicative magic squares of order 4 with an original and complete proof, pointing out the role of the action of the symmetric group. Moreover, we provide a new representation for magic squares of order 4. Such representation allows the construction of magic squares in a very simple way, using essentially only ve particular 4 x4 matrices .
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http://arxiv.org/pdf/1302.1163.pdf
magic squares
Stefano Barbero; Umberto Cerruti; Nadir Murru
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/127522
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