In Alpine Corsica (France), deeply subducted metabasalts are well preserved as lawsonite-bearing eclogite (Law-Ecl), occurrence of which is restricted to 10 localities worldwide. The Corsican Law-Ecl, consisting of omphacite + lawsonite + garnet + phengite + titanite, occurs as both single undeformed metabasaltic pillows surrounded by lawsonite blueschist (Law-Bs), and carbonate-bearing eclogitic veins. Law-Bs are found as variably deformed metabasaltic pillows locally cross-cut by eclogitic veins and consist of glaucophane + actinolite + lawsonite + garnet + phengite + titanite. Field evidence and microstructures reveal that both Law-Ecl and Law-Bs are stable at the metamorphic peak in the lawsonite-eclogite stability field. Isochemical phase diagrams (pseudosections) calculated for representative Law-Ecl and Law-Bs samples indicate that both lithologies equilibrated at the same conditions of 520 ± 20 C and 2.3 ± 0.1 GPa. Therefore, the coexistence at the same peak metamorphic conditions of Law-Ecl and Law-Bs implies that different portions of deeply subducted oceanic crust may store significantly different H2O contents, depending on bulk-rock chemical composition. In addition, thermodynamic modelling of phase equilibria indicates that the occurring progressive dehydration reactions, which are significantly depending on bulk-rock chemical composition, strongly influence rock densification and eclogite formation in subducting slabs.

Coexistence of lawsonite-bearing eclogite and blueschist: phase equilibria modelling of Alpine Corsica metabasalts and petrological evolution of subducting slabs

VITALE BROVARONE, ALBERTO;GROPPO, CHIARA TERESA;COMPAGNONI, Roberto;
2011

Abstract

In Alpine Corsica (France), deeply subducted metabasalts are well preserved as lawsonite-bearing eclogite (Law-Ecl), occurrence of which is restricted to 10 localities worldwide. The Corsican Law-Ecl, consisting of omphacite + lawsonite + garnet + phengite + titanite, occurs as both single undeformed metabasaltic pillows surrounded by lawsonite blueschist (Law-Bs), and carbonate-bearing eclogitic veins. Law-Bs are found as variably deformed metabasaltic pillows locally cross-cut by eclogitic veins and consist of glaucophane + actinolite + lawsonite + garnet + phengite + titanite. Field evidence and microstructures reveal that both Law-Ecl and Law-Bs are stable at the metamorphic peak in the lawsonite-eclogite stability field. Isochemical phase diagrams (pseudosections) calculated for representative Law-Ecl and Law-Bs samples indicate that both lithologies equilibrated at the same conditions of 520 ± 20 C and 2.3 ± 0.1 GPa. Therefore, the coexistence at the same peak metamorphic conditions of Law-Ecl and Law-Bs implies that different portions of deeply subducted oceanic crust may store significantly different H2O contents, depending on bulk-rock chemical composition. In addition, thermodynamic modelling of phase equilibria indicates that the occurring progressive dehydration reactions, which are significantly depending on bulk-rock chemical composition, strongly influence rock densification and eclogite formation in subducting slabs.
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Vitale Brovarone A.; Groppo C.; Hetényi G.; Compagnoni R.; Malavieille J.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/129582
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