The cytochrome P450 superfamily of monoxygenases are highly relevant for pharmaceutical, environmental and biocatalytical applications. The binding of a substrate to their catalytic site is usually detectable by UV-vis spectroscopy as a low-to-high spin state transition of the heme iron. However, the discovery of potential new substrates is limited by the fact that some compounds do not cause the typical spin-shift even if they are oxidised by P450 enzymes. Here we report a fluorescence-based method able to detect the binding of such substrates to the heme domain of cytochrome P450 BM3 from Bacillus megaterium. The protein was labeled with the fluorescent probe N,N′-dimethyl-N-(iodoacetyl)- N′-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-Yl)-ethylenediamine (IANBD). Arachidonic and lauric acids are substrates of P450 BM3 and were used to validate the method, as their binding can be detected both by a spin-shift of the Soret peak from 419 to 397 nm and by the fluorescence change of the labelled protein. The fluorescence emission of the probe linked to the protein increased by a value corresponding to 121 ± 9% and 52 ± 5% with respect to the initial one, upon titration with arachidonic or lauric acids respectively. The dissociation constants were calculated by both UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopy. Three drugs, propranolol, chlorzoxazone and nifedipine, known to be oxidized by P450 BM3 and that bind without causing spin-shift, were also tested and the fluorescence emission of IANBD was found to decrease by 29 ± 5%, 21 ± 2% and 23 ± 3%, respectively, allowing the measurement of their dissociation constants.

Fluorescence detection of ligand binding to labeled cytochrome P450 BM3

FERRERO, VALENTINA;DI NARDO, Giovanna;CATUCCI, GIANLUCA;SADEGHI, JILA;GILARDI, Gianfranco
2012

Abstract

The cytochrome P450 superfamily of monoxygenases are highly relevant for pharmaceutical, environmental and biocatalytical applications. The binding of a substrate to their catalytic site is usually detectable by UV-vis spectroscopy as a low-to-high spin state transition of the heme iron. However, the discovery of potential new substrates is limited by the fact that some compounds do not cause the typical spin-shift even if they are oxidised by P450 enzymes. Here we report a fluorescence-based method able to detect the binding of such substrates to the heme domain of cytochrome P450 BM3 from Bacillus megaterium. The protein was labeled with the fluorescent probe N,N′-dimethyl-N-(iodoacetyl)- N′-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-Yl)-ethylenediamine (IANBD). Arachidonic and lauric acids are substrates of P450 BM3 and were used to validate the method, as their binding can be detected both by a spin-shift of the Soret peak from 419 to 397 nm and by the fluorescence change of the labelled protein. The fluorescence emission of the probe linked to the protein increased by a value corresponding to 121 ± 9% and 52 ± 5% with respect to the initial one, upon titration with arachidonic or lauric acids respectively. The dissociation constants were calculated by both UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopy. Three drugs, propranolol, chlorzoxazone and nifedipine, known to be oxidized by P450 BM3 and that bind without causing spin-shift, were also tested and the fluorescence emission of IANBD was found to decrease by 29 ± 5%, 21 ± 2% and 23 ± 3%, respectively, allowing the measurement of their dissociation constants.
41
7
2018
2025
Drug Screening Assays; Cytochrome P450; fluorescence; protein engineering; in silico docking
Valentina Ferrero; Giovanna Di Nardo; Gianluca Catucci; Sheila J. Sadeghi; Gianfranco Gilardi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/129585
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