The metabolic syndrome (MetS) confers an increased risk of both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), an intracellular polypeptide, can be exposed on the plasma membrane and/or released into the circulation, eliciting both native and immune responses that may contribute to vascular damage. Our aim was to assess if serum anti-Hsp70 antibody levels were cross-sectionally associated with uncomplicated MetS. A cross-sectional case-control study from the nondiabetic cohort of the Casale Monferrato Study was performed. Subjects with established CVD and/or abnormal renal function were excluded. Case subjects (n = 180) were defined as those fulfilling the criteria for the diagnosis of MetS. Control subjects (n = 136) were completely free of any component of the MetS. Serum anti-Hsp70 levels were measured by immunoenzymatic assay. We found that anti-Hsp70 antibody levels were significantly higher in cases than in control subjects [122.6 (89.5-155.6) vs 107.1 (77.3-152.4) μg/ml, p = 0.04], even after age and sex adjustment. In logistic regression analysis, higher levels of log-anti-Hsp70 conferred greater odds ratio (OR) for MetS, independently of age and sex. There was a statistically significant trend of ORs across quartiles of anti-Hsp70 and values greater than 108.0 μg/ml conferred a 77 % increased OR of MetS as compared with values in the lower quartiles. The strength of the association slightly decreased after further adjustment for apolipoprotein B, smoking, and albumin excretion rate. In conclusion, our results show that serum anti-Hsp70 antibody levels are independently associated with nascent MetS.

Circulating anti-Hsp70 levels in nascent metabolic syndrome: the Casale Monferrato Study.

GRUDEN, Gabriella;BARUTTA, FEDERICA;PINACH, Silvia;CAVALLO PERIN, Paolo;BRUNO, Graziella
2013

Abstract

The metabolic syndrome (MetS) confers an increased risk of both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70), an intracellular polypeptide, can be exposed on the plasma membrane and/or released into the circulation, eliciting both native and immune responses that may contribute to vascular damage. Our aim was to assess if serum anti-Hsp70 antibody levels were cross-sectionally associated with uncomplicated MetS. A cross-sectional case-control study from the nondiabetic cohort of the Casale Monferrato Study was performed. Subjects with established CVD and/or abnormal renal function were excluded. Case subjects (n = 180) were defined as those fulfilling the criteria for the diagnosis of MetS. Control subjects (n = 136) were completely free of any component of the MetS. Serum anti-Hsp70 levels were measured by immunoenzymatic assay. We found that anti-Hsp70 antibody levels were significantly higher in cases than in control subjects [122.6 (89.5-155.6) vs 107.1 (77.3-152.4) μg/ml, p = 0.04], even after age and sex adjustment. In logistic regression analysis, higher levels of log-anti-Hsp70 conferred greater odds ratio (OR) for MetS, independently of age and sex. There was a statistically significant trend of ORs across quartiles of anti-Hsp70 and values greater than 108.0 μg/ml conferred a 77 % increased OR of MetS as compared with values in the lower quartiles. The strength of the association slightly decreased after further adjustment for apolipoprotein B, smoking, and albumin excretion rate. In conclusion, our results show that serum anti-Hsp70 antibody levels are independently associated with nascent MetS.
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Gruden G; Barutta F; Pinach S; Lorenzati B; Cavallo-Perin P; Giunti S; Bruno G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/129683
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