BACKGROUND: The effects of stage of growth, field wilting and inoculation with lactic acid bacteria (LAB) on the protein profile of herbage and silage were studied on field peas (Pisum sativum L.) harvested at four progressive morphological stages (end of flowering, I; beginning of pod filling, II; advanced pod filling, III; beginning of ripening, IV). The herbage was field wilted to a dry matter (DM) content around 330 g kg−1, for each stage of growth. The unwilted and wilted herbages were ensiled with (I) and without (C) a LAB inoculant. RESULTS: As a result of the advancing maturity of the crop, the main protein component was Rubisco in the early stages and seed storage proteins in the more advanced stages, due to the redistribution of organic nitrogen during seed filling. Extensive degradation of Rubisco occurred in all the silages, without any effect of inoculation or wilting. A good preservation of the proteins was observed in stage IV for both unwilted and wilted silages, without further protein preservation due to LAB inoculation. CONCLUSION: Protein protection observed in the more mature pea silage was due to the protein type and its localization and not to the level of DM at ensiling or to the inoculation.

Effect of the stage of growth, wilting and inoculation in field pea (Pisum sativum L.) silages. III. Changes in the herbage and silage protein profiles

BORREANI, Giorgio
2008

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The effects of stage of growth, field wilting and inoculation with lactic acid bacteria (LAB) on the protein profile of herbage and silage were studied on field peas (Pisum sativum L.) harvested at four progressive morphological stages (end of flowering, I; beginning of pod filling, II; advanced pod filling, III; beginning of ripening, IV). The herbage was field wilted to a dry matter (DM) content around 330 g kg−1, for each stage of growth. The unwilted and wilted herbages were ensiled with (I) and without (C) a LAB inoculant. RESULTS: As a result of the advancing maturity of the crop, the main protein component was Rubisco in the early stages and seed storage proteins in the more advanced stages, due to the redistribution of organic nitrogen during seed filling. Extensive degradation of Rubisco occurred in all the silages, without any effect of inoculation or wilting. A good preservation of the proteins was observed in stage IV for both unwilted and wilted silages, without further protein preservation due to LAB inoculation. CONCLUSION: Protein protection observed in the more mature pea silage was due to the protein type and its localization and not to the level of DM at ensiling or to the inoculation.
88
2
237
241
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/%28ISSN%291097-0010
insilamento; pisello proteico; qualità componente proteica; foraggio
L. CAVALLARIN; G. BORREANI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/130677
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