Caprine herpesvirus 1 (CpHV1) is a member of ruminant alphaherpesviruses antigenically related to the prototype bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV1). Although cross reactivity between the two viruses involves many structural glycoproteins, the use of two competitive BoHV1 ELISAs detecting anti gB and gE antibodies has been proposed for CpHV1 infection, resulting mainly in a gB+/gE− reactivity and leading to suppose that CpHV1 gE may represent an useful target for the development of specific diagnostic test. Since CpHV1 gE gene has been only partially characterized so far, in this study the genome fragment of the short unique unit (Us) encompassing gI and gE gene was amplified and sequenced. Gene fragments encoding the ectodomain of both glycoproteins were subcloned into pSECTag2/Hygro and expressed in HEK293T cells as secreted form in serum free medium. Due to the lack of specific monoclonal antibodies (Mabs), the same recombinant glycoproteins were obtained from BoHV1 and used as positive control with a panel of specific gE and gI Mabs as well as in some ELISA assays. Results clearly indicate that the ectodomain of CpHV1 gE, immobilized on solid face in an indirect ELISA format, represents a sensitive and specific marker of infection, when compared with neutralization test, with absence of very low degree of cross-reactivity with BoHV1 gE counterpart, while the use of CpHV1 gI-ELISA or a combination of gE/gI complex did not significantly improve the sensitivity of the assay. In addition, in the rare event in which cross species barrier occurs for both viruses from their natural host to other species, the use of both BoHV1 and CpHV1 gE in a comparative assay may be proposed.

Characterization of caprine herpesvirus 1 (CpHV1) glycoprotein E and glycoprotein I ectodomains expressed in mammalian cells.

BERTOLOTTI, Luigi;PROFITI, Margherita;ROSATI, Sergio
2013-01-01

Abstract

Caprine herpesvirus 1 (CpHV1) is a member of ruminant alphaherpesviruses antigenically related to the prototype bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV1). Although cross reactivity between the two viruses involves many structural glycoproteins, the use of two competitive BoHV1 ELISAs detecting anti gB and gE antibodies has been proposed for CpHV1 infection, resulting mainly in a gB+/gE− reactivity and leading to suppose that CpHV1 gE may represent an useful target for the development of specific diagnostic test. Since CpHV1 gE gene has been only partially characterized so far, in this study the genome fragment of the short unique unit (Us) encompassing gI and gE gene was amplified and sequenced. Gene fragments encoding the ectodomain of both glycoproteins were subcloned into pSECTag2/Hygro and expressed in HEK293T cells as secreted form in serum free medium. Due to the lack of specific monoclonal antibodies (Mabs), the same recombinant glycoproteins were obtained from BoHV1 and used as positive control with a panel of specific gE and gI Mabs as well as in some ELISA assays. Results clearly indicate that the ectodomain of CpHV1 gE, immobilized on solid face in an indirect ELISA format, represents a sensitive and specific marker of infection, when compared with neutralization test, with absence of very low degree of cross-reactivity with BoHV1 gE counterpart, while the use of CpHV1 gI-ELISA or a combination of gE/gI complex did not significantly improve the sensitivity of the assay. In addition, in the rare event in which cross species barrier occurs for both viruses from their natural host to other species, the use of both BoHV1 and CpHV1 gE in a comparative assay may be proposed.
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Bertolotti L;Rosamilia A;Profiti M;Brocchi E;Masoero L;Franceschi V;Tempesta M;Donofrio G;Rosati S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/132615
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