In situ FTIR spectroscopy was employed to investigate some aspects of the ambient temperature (actually, IR-beam temperature) adsorption of acetone on various pure and sulfate-doped zirconia specimens. Acetone uptake yields, on all examined systems and to a variable extent, different types of specific molecular adsorption, depending on the kind/population of available surface sites: relatively weak H-bonding interaction(s) with surface hydroxyls, medium-strong coordinative interaction with Lewis acidic sites, and strong H-bonding interaction with Brønsted acidic centres. Moreover acetone, readily and abundantly adsorbed in molecular form, is able to undergo the aldol condensation reaction (yielding, as the main reaction product, adsorbed mesityl oxide) only if the adsorbing material possesses some specific surface features. The occurrence/non-occurrence of the acetone self-condensation reaction is discussed, and leads to conclusions concerning the sites that catalyze the condensation reaction that do not agree with either of two conflicting interpretations present in the literature of acetone uptake/reaction on, mainly, zeolitic systems. In particular, what turns out to be actually necessary for the acetone aldol condensation reaction to occur on the examined zirconia systems is the presence of coordinatively unsaturated O2 surface sites of basicity sufficient to lead to the extraction of a proton from one of the CH3 groups of adsorbed acetone. Introduction

On the adsorption/reaction of acetone on pure and sulfate-modified zirconias

CROCELLA', VALENTINA;CERRATO, Giuseppina;MORTERRA, Claudio
2013

Abstract

In situ FTIR spectroscopy was employed to investigate some aspects of the ambient temperature (actually, IR-beam temperature) adsorption of acetone on various pure and sulfate-doped zirconia specimens. Acetone uptake yields, on all examined systems and to a variable extent, different types of specific molecular adsorption, depending on the kind/population of available surface sites: relatively weak H-bonding interaction(s) with surface hydroxyls, medium-strong coordinative interaction with Lewis acidic sites, and strong H-bonding interaction with Brønsted acidic centres. Moreover acetone, readily and abundantly adsorbed in molecular form, is able to undergo the aldol condensation reaction (yielding, as the main reaction product, adsorbed mesityl oxide) only if the adsorbing material possesses some specific surface features. The occurrence/non-occurrence of the acetone self-condensation reaction is discussed, and leads to conclusions concerning the sites that catalyze the condensation reaction that do not agree with either of two conflicting interpretations present in the literature of acetone uptake/reaction on, mainly, zeolitic systems. In particular, what turns out to be actually necessary for the acetone aldol condensation reaction to occur on the examined zirconia systems is the presence of coordinatively unsaturated O2 surface sites of basicity sufficient to lead to the extraction of a proton from one of the CH3 groups of adsorbed acetone. Introduction
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Valentina Crocella`; Giuseppina Cerrato; Claudio Morterra
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/139082
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