Primary aldosteronism (PA) is now recognized as the most frequent form of secondary arterial hypertension. The importance of a correct and prompt diagnosis of PA is determined by its relevant prevalence, its increased cardiovascular risk compared to essential hypertension and by the possibility of reversing this increased risk with a targeted therapy. Surgical treatment of unilateral forms of PA (mainly aldosterone-producing adenomas) is at present recommended in well-selected patients because of its cost-effectiveness. Therefore, subtype differentiation of PA forms is of fundamental importance, and available guidelines recommend contrast-enhanced CT-scanning and adrenal venous sampling (AVS) as the main diagnostic tests for this purpose. In this review, we discuss the value of adrenal non-invasive imaging and AVS, the recent advances in complementary tests and, finally, the available data on the outcome of surgical treatment for PA.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.