The overall objective of this work was to assess the modification of Ni availability and lability consequently to anthropic activity. Surface waters were collected in two ultramafic complexes (Barro Alto and Niquelândia) from Goías State (Brazil) impacted by mining and metallurgical activities. For the nearly first time, Isotopic Exchange Kinetic technique (IEK) was performed on these natural water samples to quantify the pool of isotopically exchangeable Ni from the suspended particulate matter (SPM) in water, defined here as EW Ni . The SPM mineralogy was investigated by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy (SEM and TEM). This allowed to establish the link between Ni availability and its solid speciation. Goethite, chlorite, talc and serpentine were identified as the main Ni bearing phases in SPM far from metallurgy (Barro Alto site) while in samples located in the area influenced by metallurgy (Niquelândia) Ni was mainly associated to spherical micrometric particles, related to fly ash produced by the ore combustion. In Niquelândia samples EW Ni value was found ranging between 2.4 and 565 g L−1, while in Barro Alto EW Ni was 62 g L−1, which corresponds to ENi values of 49,000 and 2350 mg kg−1, in SPM from Niquelândia and Barro Alto, respectively. Moreover, IEK experiments highlighted differences in kinetic of Ni exchanges: the maximum EW Ni value was reached after only 19 hours of interaction in Barro Alto sample, while in Niquelândia ones EW Ni hardly reached 70 to 95% of the maximum after the same

Colloids and suspended particulate matters influence on Ni availability in surface waters of impacted ultramafic systems in Brazil

ZELANO, Isabella;ABOLLINO, Ornella;
2013-01-01

Abstract

The overall objective of this work was to assess the modification of Ni availability and lability consequently to anthropic activity. Surface waters were collected in two ultramafic complexes (Barro Alto and Niquelândia) from Goías State (Brazil) impacted by mining and metallurgical activities. For the nearly first time, Isotopic Exchange Kinetic technique (IEK) was performed on these natural water samples to quantify the pool of isotopically exchangeable Ni from the suspended particulate matter (SPM) in water, defined here as EW Ni . The SPM mineralogy was investigated by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy (SEM and TEM). This allowed to establish the link between Ni availability and its solid speciation. Goethite, chlorite, talc and serpentine were identified as the main Ni bearing phases in SPM far from metallurgy (Barro Alto site) while in samples located in the area influenced by metallurgy (Niquelândia) Ni was mainly associated to spherical micrometric particles, related to fly ash produced by the ore combustion. In Niquelândia samples EW Ni value was found ranging between 2.4 and 565 g L−1, while in Barro Alto EW Ni was 62 g L−1, which corresponds to ENi values of 49,000 and 2350 mg kg−1, in SPM from Niquelândia and Barro Alto, respectively. Moreover, IEK experiments highlighted differences in kinetic of Ni exchanges: the maximum EW Ni value was reached after only 19 hours of interaction in Barro Alto sample, while in Niquelândia ones EW Ni hardly reached 70 to 95% of the maximum after the same
2013
435
36
47
Ni availability; Isotopic exchange kinetic; Surface water; Ultramafic system; Goehtite; Phyllosilicate; Anthropogenic spherical particles; Metallurgy
I. Zelano;Y. Sivry;C. Quantin;A. Gélabert;M. Tharaud;D. Jouvin;E. Montarges-Pelletier;J. Garnier;R. Pichon;S. Nowak;S. Miska;O. Abollino;M.F. Benedetti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/141353
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