Desilication has become a standard method to prepare mesoporous zeolite catalysts that display improved lifetime or resistance toward deactivation in hydrocarbon transformation processes involving coking. In this contribution, the deactivation behaviors of a regular, commercial ZSM-5 catalyst and its mesoporous, desilicated counterpart have been investigated and compared. After partial deactivation in the conversion of methanol to hydrocarbons at elevated reaction pressure, the catalyst beds were fractionated from top to bottom of the reactor. These fractions were analyzed by-several spectroscopic techniques, gas adsorption measurements, thermogravimetry, coke analysis by a catalyst dissolution/extraction protocol, and measurements of residual activity for the individual catalyst fractions. Remarkable differences between the desilicated and the parent H-ZSM-5 catalysts are seen, in particular with respect to the mode of deactivation along the catalyst beds. It appears that the more uniform deactivation of the desilicated catalyst is due to a complex interplay among alterations of porosity, activity, and rate of deactivation upon desilication.

Catalyst deactivation by coke formation in microporous and desilicated zeolite H-ZSM-5 during the conversion of methanol to hydrocarbons

BARBERA, KATIA;BONINO, Francesca Carla;BORDIGA, Silvia;
2013

Abstract

Desilication has become a standard method to prepare mesoporous zeolite catalysts that display improved lifetime or resistance toward deactivation in hydrocarbon transformation processes involving coking. In this contribution, the deactivation behaviors of a regular, commercial ZSM-5 catalyst and its mesoporous, desilicated counterpart have been investigated and compared. After partial deactivation in the conversion of methanol to hydrocarbons at elevated reaction pressure, the catalyst beds were fractionated from top to bottom of the reactor. These fractions were analyzed by-several spectroscopic techniques, gas adsorption measurements, thermogravimetry, coke analysis by a catalyst dissolution/extraction protocol, and measurements of residual activity for the individual catalyst fractions. Remarkable differences between the desilicated and the parent H-ZSM-5 catalysts are seen, in particular with respect to the mode of deactivation along the catalyst beds. It appears that the more uniform deactivation of the desilicated catalyst is due to a complex interplay among alterations of porosity, activity, and rate of deactivation upon desilication.
307
62
73
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021951713002571
Desilication; Hierarchical ZSM-5; Hierarchical zeolite; Mesoporous materials; Metanol to hydrocarbons; Metanol to olefines; MTG; MTH; MTO
Francesca Lønstad Bleken;Katia Barbera;Francesca Bonino;Unni Olsbye;Karl Petter Lillerud;Silvia Bordiga;Pablo Beato;Ton V.W. Janssens;Stian Svelle
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/141521
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