To promote biobased products for industry, six biosurfactants (BS) isolated from green and food urban residues aged under aerobic digestion for 0-60 days were investigated for their chemical composition, surface activity properties and detergent performance in fabric washing in comparison with commercial anionic and nonionic surfactants (CS). The BS exhibited a range of chemical composition and surface activity properties presumably related to their different biomass sources. Surface tension data for these substances correlated meaningfully with performance data in fabric washing. It was found that BS have similar performances as CS when used neat, but the 1:1 w/w BS-CS mixes are characterized by significant synergy. High sensitivity to water hardness and fabric yellowing were found to be the main deficiencies for the BS. However, both effects are minimized or are not critically evident when the BS are used together with CS and/or in common detergents formulations. The results indicate that when used above critical micellar concentration, no significant or critical performance differences are evident within the whole group of BS or between BS and CS. These facts encourage expectations for industrial production and real commercialization of BS as components of detergents formulations.

Biosurfactant from urban wastes for detergents formulation: surface activity and washing performance

SAVARINO, Piero;MONTONERI, Enzo;MUSSO, GIORGIA ELENA;BOFFA, Vittorio
2010-01-01

Abstract

To promote biobased products for industry, six biosurfactants (BS) isolated from green and food urban residues aged under aerobic digestion for 0-60 days were investigated for their chemical composition, surface activity properties and detergent performance in fabric washing in comparison with commercial anionic and nonionic surfactants (CS). The BS exhibited a range of chemical composition and surface activity properties presumably related to their different biomass sources. Surface tension data for these substances correlated meaningfully with performance data in fabric washing. It was found that BS have similar performances as CS when used neat, but the 1:1 w/w BS-CS mixes are characterized by significant synergy. High sensitivity to water hardness and fabric yellowing were found to be the main deficiencies for the BS. However, both effects are minimized or are not critically evident when the BS are used together with CS and/or in common detergents formulations. The results indicate that when used above critical micellar concentration, no significant or critical performance differences are evident within the whole group of BS or between BS and CS. These facts encourage expectations for industrial production and real commercialization of BS as components of detergents formulations.
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Biosurfactants; Urban Wastes; Surface activity; Washing Performance; Fabric washing; Biomass Residues; Humic acids
P. Savarino; E. Montoneri; G. Musso; V. Boffa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/142176
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