Camellia japonica L. (Theaceae, Theales) is an acidophilic evergreen flowering shrub and is traded worldwide. Symbiotic associations between the roots of this plant species and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), commonly recognized as natural biofertilizers and biocontrol agents, have been poorly studied so far. The aim of our study was to verify whether the application of nonspecific commercial AMF-based inocula could succeed and improve the growth of C. japonica. An experiment was conducted concerning the application of commercial inocula constituted by a specific AMF isolate (Funneliformis mosseae) or a consortium of different fungi and bacteria as alternatives to fertilization in pot cultivated C. japonica 'Dr. Burnside'. Several growth parameters, plant nutrition and mycorrhization levels were monitored at the end of plant cultivation. Generally, increases in some macroelements (Ca, Mg, K) and microelements (Cu, Mn, Fe, Zn) were detected in the root system of inoculated camellias, while only Cu and Mn accumulation was increased in the leaves. Plants inoculated with the consortium inoculum exhibited increased chlorophyll content and foliage diameter while plants inoculated with F. mosseae exhibited increased number of flowers. Based on the polymorphism of an 18S rDNA region, we assessed the inoculated AMF that colonized C. japonica roots. The experiments showed that the applied AMF poorly colonized the root system of C. japonica. We suggest that commercial AMF formulations should be more targeted and host-specific in order to successfully colonize the host root and, potentially, fully express their benefits.

Application of nonspecific commercial AMF inocula results in poor mycorrhization in Camellia japonica L.

BERRUTI, ANDREA;BORRIELLO, ROBERTO;SCARIOT, VALENTINA;BIANCIOTTO, VALERIA
2013

Abstract

Camellia japonica L. (Theaceae, Theales) is an acidophilic evergreen flowering shrub and is traded worldwide. Symbiotic associations between the roots of this plant species and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), commonly recognized as natural biofertilizers and biocontrol agents, have been poorly studied so far. The aim of our study was to verify whether the application of nonspecific commercial AMF-based inocula could succeed and improve the growth of C. japonica. An experiment was conducted concerning the application of commercial inocula constituted by a specific AMF isolate (Funneliformis mosseae) or a consortium of different fungi and bacteria as alternatives to fertilization in pot cultivated C. japonica 'Dr. Burnside'. Several growth parameters, plant nutrition and mycorrhization levels were monitored at the end of plant cultivation. Generally, increases in some macroelements (Ca, Mg, K) and microelements (Cu, Mn, Fe, Zn) were detected in the root system of inoculated camellias, while only Cu and Mn accumulation was increased in the leaves. Plants inoculated with the consortium inoculum exhibited increased chlorophyll content and foliage diameter while plants inoculated with F. mosseae exhibited increased number of flowers. Based on the polymorphism of an 18S rDNA region, we assessed the inoculated AMF that colonized C. japonica roots. The experiments showed that the applied AMF poorly colonized the root system of C. japonica. We suggest that commercial AMF formulations should be more targeted and host-specific in order to successfully colonize the host root and, potentially, fully express their benefits.
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Sustainable floriculture; Microbial consortium; Biofertilizer inoculation; Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; 8S rDNA
Andrea Berruti;Roberto Borriello;Maria Teresa Della Beffa;Valentina Scariot;Valeria Bianciotto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/144354
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