Single-photon sources are a fundamental element for developing quantum technologies, and sources based on colour centres in diamonds are among the most promising candidates. The well-known nitrogen vacancy centres are characterized by several limitations, and thus few other defects have recently been considered. In the present work, we characterize, in detail, native efficient single colour centres emitting in the near infra-red (lambda = 740-780 nm) in both standard IIa single-crystal and electronic-grade polycrystalline commercial chemical vapour deposited (CVD) diamond samples. In the former case, a high-temperature (T > 1000 degrees C) annealing process in vacuum is necessary to induce the formation/activation of luminescent centres with good emission properties, while in the latter case the annealing process has marginally beneficial effects on the number and performance of native centres in commercially available samples. Although displaying significant variability in several photo-physical properties (emission wavelength, emission rate instabilities, saturation behaviours), these centres generally display appealing photo-physical properties for applications as single photon sources: short lifetimes (0.7-3 ns), high emission rates (similar to 50-500 x 10(3) photons s(-1)) and strongly (> 95%) polarized light. The native centres are tentatively attributed to impurities incorporated in the diamond crystal during the CVD growth of high-quality type-IIa samples, and offer promising perspectives in diamond-based photonics.

Native NIR-emitting single colour centres in CVD diamond

GATTO MONTICONE, DANIELE;FORNERIS, Jacopo;OLIVERO, Paolo;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Single-photon sources are a fundamental element for developing quantum technologies, and sources based on colour centres in diamonds are among the most promising candidates. The well-known nitrogen vacancy centres are characterized by several limitations, and thus few other defects have recently been considered. In the present work, we characterize, in detail, native efficient single colour centres emitting in the near infra-red (lambda = 740-780 nm) in both standard IIa single-crystal and electronic-grade polycrystalline commercial chemical vapour deposited (CVD) diamond samples. In the former case, a high-temperature (T > 1000 degrees C) annealing process in vacuum is necessary to induce the formation/activation of luminescent centres with good emission properties, while in the latter case the annealing process has marginally beneficial effects on the number and performance of native centres in commercially available samples. Although displaying significant variability in several photo-physical properties (emission wavelength, emission rate instabilities, saturation behaviours), these centres generally display appealing photo-physical properties for applications as single photon sources: short lifetimes (0.7-3 ns), high emission rates (similar to 50-500 x 10(3) photons s(-1)) and strongly (> 95%) polarized light. The native centres are tentatively attributed to impurities incorporated in the diamond crystal during the CVD growth of high-quality type-IIa samples, and offer promising perspectives in diamond-based photonics.
2014
16
053005
-
http://iopscience.iop.org/1367-2630/16/5/053005
PHOTON EMISSION; VACANCY CENTERS; NITROGEN; HYDROGEN; SPECTROSCOPY; LUMINESCENCE; DIFFUSION
D. Gatto Monticone; P. Traina; E. Moreva; J. Forneris; P. Olivero; I. P. Degiovanni; F. Taccetti; L. Giuntini; G. Brida; G. Amato; M. Genovese
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/144901
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