The occurrence of human rhinoviruses (HRV) and its relationship to clinical and histopathological findings were investigated in 127 bronchoalveolar lavage specimens from 36 lung transplant recipients by real-time RT-PCR. In addition, 286 samples from 235 other immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients were also studied. HRV was detected in 41.7% of lung transplant recipients vs 14.5% of other patients (p < 0.0001), and no differences in viral load were observed. Acute respiratory insufficiency was found in 15 cases, three of which were HRV positive (viral load, 6.3x10 6 RNA copies/ml in one patient with chronic graft dysfunction). A diagnosis of pneumonia was made in 10 out of 127 cases, two of which were HRV positive (viral load, 10 3-10 4 in cases of co-infection). Acute rejection was diagnosed in 12 cases, three of which were HRV positive (viral load, 10< 3 in two cases of co-infection and 10 5 in a single infection). HRV infection may involve the lower respiratory tract, particularly in the presence of an impaired pulmonary background, such as a transplanted lung. Clinical evaluation should take into account the viral load, with a load of >10 5 possibly being associated with clinical symptoms, although lower loads can be detected in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients

Detection of human rhinoviruses in the lower respiratory tract of lung transplant recipients.

Costa C;BERGALLO, Massimiliano;ASTEGIANO, Stefania;SIDOTI, Francesca;TERLIZZI, Maria Elena;Curtoni A;Solidoro P;CAVALLO, Rossana
2011

Abstract

The occurrence of human rhinoviruses (HRV) and its relationship to clinical and histopathological findings were investigated in 127 bronchoalveolar lavage specimens from 36 lung transplant recipients by real-time RT-PCR. In addition, 286 samples from 235 other immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients were also studied. HRV was detected in 41.7% of lung transplant recipients vs 14.5% of other patients (p < 0.0001), and no differences in viral load were observed. Acute respiratory insufficiency was found in 15 cases, three of which were HRV positive (viral load, 6.3x10 6 RNA copies/ml in one patient with chronic graft dysfunction). A diagnosis of pneumonia was made in 10 out of 127 cases, two of which were HRV positive (viral load, 10 3-10 4 in cases of co-infection). Acute rejection was diagnosed in 12 cases, three of which were HRV positive (viral load, 10< 3 in two cases of co-infection and 10 5 in a single infection). HRV infection may involve the lower respiratory tract, particularly in the presence of an impaired pulmonary background, such as a transplanted lung. Clinical evaluation should take into account the viral load, with a load of >10 5 possibly being associated with clinical symptoms, although lower loads can be detected in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients
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Costa C; Bergallo M; Astegiano S; Sidoti F; Terlizzi ME; Gambarino S; Curtoni A; Simeone S; Solidoro P; Cavallo R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/147078
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