BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) subtypes have different survival and response to therapy. We studied predictors of central nervous system metastases (CNS-M) and outcome after CNS-M diagnosis according to tumor subtype. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 488 patients with diagnosis of metastatic BC were retrospectively evaluated. According to the combination of hormone receptors (HR) and HER2 status, tumors were grouped in: Luminal (Lum), Luminal/HER2+, pure HER2-positive (pHER2+) and triple negative (TN). Time to CNS progression, CNS-M free interval and Overall Survival (OS) after CNS-M occurrence were compared by the log-rank test. Cox-proportional hazard models were used to study predictor factors associated with CNS progression, including tumor subtype and all potentially clinical relevant variables. RESULTS: 115 patients (pts) developed CNS-M with a median time to CNS progression of 31 months. The rate of CNS-M by subtype was: Lum 14%, Lum/HER2+ 35%, pHER2+ 49%, TN 22% (p < 0.001). Compared with Lum tumors, Lum/HER2+ (HR 2.514, p < 0.001), pHER2+ (HR 6.799, p < 0.0001) and TN (HR = 3.179, p < 0.001) subtypes were at higher risk of CNS-M. Median OS in months after CNS-M was: Lum 7.4, Lum/HER2+ 19.2, pHER2+ 7, TN 4.9 (p < 0.002). Belonging to the Lum/HER2+ subtype (HR 0.48, p < 0.037) and having isolated CNS (HR 0.37, p < 0.004) predicted significantly reduced risk of death. CONCLUSIONS: After CNS-M, the Lum/HER2+ subtype appears associated with the longest OS. Prospective clinical trials would be required for evaluating the potential role of screening for asymptomatic CNS lesions and of more aggressive CNS-M treatment in Lum/HER2+ subtype

Metastatic breast cancer subtypes and central nervous system metastases.

VALABREGA, Giorgio;AGLIETTA, Massimo;
2014-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) subtypes have different survival and response to therapy. We studied predictors of central nervous system metastases (CNS-M) and outcome after CNS-M diagnosis according to tumor subtype. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 488 patients with diagnosis of metastatic BC were retrospectively evaluated. According to the combination of hormone receptors (HR) and HER2 status, tumors were grouped in: Luminal (Lum), Luminal/HER2+, pure HER2-positive (pHER2+) and triple negative (TN). Time to CNS progression, CNS-M free interval and Overall Survival (OS) after CNS-M occurrence were compared by the log-rank test. Cox-proportional hazard models were used to study predictor factors associated with CNS progression, including tumor subtype and all potentially clinical relevant variables. RESULTS: 115 patients (pts) developed CNS-M with a median time to CNS progression of 31 months. The rate of CNS-M by subtype was: Lum 14%, Lum/HER2+ 35%, pHER2+ 49%, TN 22% (p < 0.001). Compared with Lum tumors, Lum/HER2+ (HR 2.514, p < 0.001), pHER2+ (HR 6.799, p < 0.0001) and TN (HR = 3.179, p < 0.001) subtypes were at higher risk of CNS-M. Median OS in months after CNS-M was: Lum 7.4, Lum/HER2+ 19.2, pHER2+ 7, TN 4.9 (p < 0.002). Belonging to the Lum/HER2+ subtype (HR 0.48, p < 0.037) and having isolated CNS (HR 0.37, p < 0.004) predicted significantly reduced risk of death. CONCLUSIONS: After CNS-M, the Lum/HER2+ subtype appears associated with the longest OS. Prospective clinical trials would be required for evaluating the potential role of screening for asymptomatic CNS lesions and of more aggressive CNS-M treatment in Lum/HER2+ subtype
2014
Jun 30
pii: S0960-9776(14)00119-2
1
6
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.breast.2014.06.009
Survival outcome; Breast neoplasms; Brain metastases; BC subtypes
Aversa C;Rossi V;Geuna E;Martinello R;Milani A;Redana S;Valabrega G;Aglietta M;Montemurro F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/148140
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