INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: An individual patient data metaanalysis was performed to determine clinical outcomes, and to propose a risk stratification system, related to the comprehensive treatment of patients with oligometastatic NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After a systematic review of the literature, data were obtained on 757 NSCLC patients with 1 to 5 synchronous or metachronous metastases treated with surgical metastectomy, stereotactic radiotherapy/radiosurgery, or radical external-beam radiotherapy, and curative treatment of the primary lung cancer, from hospitals worldwide. Factors predictive of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival were evaluated using Cox regression. Risk groups were defined using recursive partitioning analysis (RPA). Analyses were conducted on training and validating sets (two-thirds and one-third of patients, respectively). RESULTS: Median OS was 26 months, 1-year OS 70.2%, and 5-year OS 29.4%. Surgery was the most commonly used treatment for the primary tumor (635 patients [83.9%]) and metastases (339 patients [62.3%]). Factors predictive of OS were: synchronous versus metachronous metastases (P < .001), N-stage (P = .002), and adenocarcinoma histology (P = .036); the model remained predictive in the validation set (c-statistic = 0.682). In RPA, 3 risk groups were identified: low-risk, metachronous metastases (5-year OS, 47.8%); intermediate risk, synchronous metastases and N0 disease (5-year OS, 36.2%); and high risk, synchronous metastases and N1/N2 disease (5-year OS, 13.8%). CONCLUSION: Significant OS differences were observed in oligometastatic patients stratified according to type of metastatic presentation, and N status. Long-term survival is common in selected patients with metachronous oligometastases. We propose this risk classification scheme be used in guiding selection of patients for clinical trials of ablative treatment.

An Individual Patient Data Metaanalysis of Outcomes and Prognostic Factors After Treatment of Oligometastatic Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

RICARDI, Umberto;
2014

Abstract

INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: An individual patient data metaanalysis was performed to determine clinical outcomes, and to propose a risk stratification system, related to the comprehensive treatment of patients with oligometastatic NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After a systematic review of the literature, data were obtained on 757 NSCLC patients with 1 to 5 synchronous or metachronous metastases treated with surgical metastectomy, stereotactic radiotherapy/radiosurgery, or radical external-beam radiotherapy, and curative treatment of the primary lung cancer, from hospitals worldwide. Factors predictive of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival were evaluated using Cox regression. Risk groups were defined using recursive partitioning analysis (RPA). Analyses were conducted on training and validating sets (two-thirds and one-third of patients, respectively). RESULTS: Median OS was 26 months, 1-year OS 70.2%, and 5-year OS 29.4%. Surgery was the most commonly used treatment for the primary tumor (635 patients [83.9%]) and metastases (339 patients [62.3%]). Factors predictive of OS were: synchronous versus metachronous metastases (P < .001), N-stage (P = .002), and adenocarcinoma histology (P = .036); the model remained predictive in the validation set (c-statistic = 0.682). In RPA, 3 risk groups were identified: low-risk, metachronous metastases (5-year OS, 47.8%); intermediate risk, synchronous metastases and N0 disease (5-year OS, 36.2%); and high risk, synchronous metastases and N1/N2 disease (5-year OS, 13.8%). CONCLUSION: Significant OS differences were observed in oligometastatic patients stratified according to type of metastatic presentation, and N status. Long-term survival is common in selected patients with metachronous oligometastases. We propose this risk classification scheme be used in guiding selection of patients for clinical trials of ablative treatment.
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Ashworth AB; Senan S; Palma DA; Riquet M; Chan Ahn Y; Ricardi U; Congedo MT; Gomez DR; Wright GM; Melloni G; Milano MT; Sole CV; De Pas TM; Carter DL; Warner AJ; Rodrigues GB.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/148433
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