In vivo electrophysiology and microdialysis were used to investigate the physiological role of 5-HT(2C) receptors in the control of substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) function. Extracellular single-unit recordings were performed from putative GABA-containing neurons in the SNr of anesthetized rats, and local GABA release was studied by in vivo microdialysis in the SNr of awake freely-moving rats. Systemic administration of the selective 5-HT(2C) receptor agonist (S)-2-(chloro-5-fluoro-indol-1-yl)-1-methylethylamine 1:1 C(4)H(4)O(4) (RO 60-0175) caused a dose-dependent excitation of about 30% of the SNr neurons recorded. However, the remaining neurons were either inhibited or unaffected by systemic RO 60-0175, in similar proportion. Local application of RO 60-0175 by microiontophoresis caused excitation in the majority of SNr neurons tested (48%), whereas a group of neurons was inhibited (16%) or unaffected (36%). Both the excitatory and the inhibitory effects of systemic and microiontophoretic RO 60-0175 were completely prevented by pretreatment with SB 243213 [5-methyl-1-({2-[(2-methyl-3-pyridyl)oxy]-5-pyridyl}carbamoyl)-6-trifluoromethylindoline], a selective and potent 5-HT(2C) receptor antagonist. Consistent with these electrophysiological data, both systemic and intranigral administration of RO 60-0175 and m-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), a non-selective 5-HT(2C) agonist, markedly increased extracellular GABA levels in the SNr. The stimulatory effect of systemic and local RO 60-0175 on GABA release was completely prevented by systemic administration of SB 243213, whereas local application of SB 243213 into the SNr only partially blocked RO 60-0175-induced GABA release. It is concluded that selective activation of 5-HT(2C) receptors stimulates GABA-ergic function in the SNr, and the clinical relevance of these data is discussed.

Selective activation of 5-HT(2C) receptors stimulates GABA-ergic function in the rat substantia nigra pars reticulata: a combined in vivo electrophysiological and neurochemical study.

CALCAGNO, ELEONORA;
2007

Abstract

In vivo electrophysiology and microdialysis were used to investigate the physiological role of 5-HT(2C) receptors in the control of substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) function. Extracellular single-unit recordings were performed from putative GABA-containing neurons in the SNr of anesthetized rats, and local GABA release was studied by in vivo microdialysis in the SNr of awake freely-moving rats. Systemic administration of the selective 5-HT(2C) receptor agonist (S)-2-(chloro-5-fluoro-indol-1-yl)-1-methylethylamine 1:1 C(4)H(4)O(4) (RO 60-0175) caused a dose-dependent excitation of about 30% of the SNr neurons recorded. However, the remaining neurons were either inhibited or unaffected by systemic RO 60-0175, in similar proportion. Local application of RO 60-0175 by microiontophoresis caused excitation in the majority of SNr neurons tested (48%), whereas a group of neurons was inhibited (16%) or unaffected (36%). Both the excitatory and the inhibitory effects of systemic and microiontophoretic RO 60-0175 were completely prevented by pretreatment with SB 243213 [5-methyl-1-({2-[(2-methyl-3-pyridyl)oxy]-5-pyridyl}carbamoyl)-6-trifluoromethylindoline], a selective and potent 5-HT(2C) receptor antagonist. Consistent with these electrophysiological data, both systemic and intranigral administration of RO 60-0175 and m-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), a non-selective 5-HT(2C) agonist, markedly increased extracellular GABA levels in the SNr. The stimulatory effect of systemic and local RO 60-0175 on GABA release was completely prevented by systemic administration of SB 243213, whereas local application of SB 243213 into the SNr only partially blocked RO 60-0175-induced GABA release. It is concluded that selective activation of 5-HT(2C) receptors stimulates GABA-ergic function in the SNr, and the clinical relevance of these data is discussed.
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1535
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306452206015211
R.W. Invernizzi; M. Pierucci; E. Calcagno; G. Di Giovanni; V. Di Matteo; A. Benigno;E. Esposito
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/151722
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