The Neuregulin/ErbB system plays an important role in the peripheral nervous system, under both normal and pathological conditions. We previously demonstrated that expression of soluble ecto-ErbB4, the released extracellular fragment of the ErbB4 receptor, stimulated glial cell migration in vitro. In this study we examined the possibility of manipulating this system in vivo in order to improve injured peripheral nerve regeneration. Transected rat median nerves of adult female Wistar rats were repaired with a 10-mm-long graft made by muscle-in-vein combined nerve guide previously transduced with either the adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector AAV2-LacZ or AAV2-ecto-ErbB4. Autologous nerve grafts were used as control. Both stereological and functional analyses were performed to assess nerve regeneration. Data show that delivery of soluble ecto-ErbB4 by gene transfer in the muscle-in-vein combined nerve guide has a positive effect on fiber maturation, suggesting that it could represent a potential tool for improving peripheral nerve regeneration.Gene Therapy advance online publication, 28 May 2015; doi:10.1038/gt.2015.46.

Local delivery of the Neuregulin1 receptor ecto-domain (ecto-ErbB4) has a positive effect on regenerated nerve fiber maturation

GAMBAROTTA, Giovanna
Co-first
;
PASCAL, DAVIDE
Co-first
;
RONCHI, GIULIA;MORANO, MICHELA;PERROTEAU, Isabelle;TOS, PIERLUIGI;GEUNA, Stefano;RAIMONDO, Stefania
Last
2015

Abstract

The Neuregulin/ErbB system plays an important role in the peripheral nervous system, under both normal and pathological conditions. We previously demonstrated that expression of soluble ecto-ErbB4, the released extracellular fragment of the ErbB4 receptor, stimulated glial cell migration in vitro. In this study we examined the possibility of manipulating this system in vivo in order to improve injured peripheral nerve regeneration. Transected rat median nerves of adult female Wistar rats were repaired with a 10-mm-long graft made by muscle-in-vein combined nerve guide previously transduced with either the adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector AAV2-LacZ or AAV2-ecto-ErbB4. Autologous nerve grafts were used as control. Both stereological and functional analyses were performed to assess nerve regeneration. Data show that delivery of soluble ecto-ErbB4 by gene transfer in the muscle-in-vein combined nerve guide has a positive effect on fiber maturation, suggesting that it could represent a potential tool for improving peripheral nerve regeneration.Gene Therapy advance online publication, 28 May 2015; doi:10.1038/gt.2015.46.
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neuregulin1, peripheral nerve injury
Gambarotta, G; Pascal, D; Ronchi, G; Morano, M; Jager, S B; Moimas, S; Zentilin, L; Giacca, M; Perroteau, I; Tos, P; Geuna, S; Raimondo, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1522217
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