Highly populated peri-urban areas are critical for urban sprawl, soil consumption and degradation, and, in general, loss of ecosystem services. In these areas, urban planning is usually based on a compromise among social, economic, political needs and geographic factors. Technicians cannot obviously intervene in political discussions, nor intercept social requirements; nevertheless, once a need has been recognized and a target identified, they can sustain politicians in their decisions concerning the way the new urban policy can be managed. Various territorial descriptors have been used to support planner’s choices while programming urban expansion. In this context ecosystem services potentially affected by urbanization represent an important unsolved issue, most probably for the general lack of reliable datasets for urban and peri-urban areas and for the scarce integration of the involved disciplines. In this paper a GIS-MCDA (Multi Criteria Decision Analysis) approach is presented, aimed at generating synthetic maps useful for urban planners and authorities to make their decisions inclusive of territorial resources and environmental factors with special care about soil quality. The method was applied to a case study concerning the identification of the optimal location for a new leisure activity area in the peri-urban belt of the city of Torino (Italy). Landscape metrics, demographic data and soil chemical/physical properties - including contamination - obtained from extremely diverse sources, were jointly analysed. Some specific indices aggregating information were proposed and mapped using some advanced raster tools available in GIS.

Soil quality and landscape metrics as driving factors in a multi-criteria GIS procedure for peri-urban land use planning

BORGOGNO MONDINO, ENRICO CORRADO
First
;
FABIETTI, GABRIELE;AJMONE MARSAN, Franco
Last
2015

Abstract

Highly populated peri-urban areas are critical for urban sprawl, soil consumption and degradation, and, in general, loss of ecosystem services. In these areas, urban planning is usually based on a compromise among social, economic, political needs and geographic factors. Technicians cannot obviously intervene in political discussions, nor intercept social requirements; nevertheless, once a need has been recognized and a target identified, they can sustain politicians in their decisions concerning the way the new urban policy can be managed. Various territorial descriptors have been used to support planner’s choices while programming urban expansion. In this context ecosystem services potentially affected by urbanization represent an important unsolved issue, most probably for the general lack of reliable datasets for urban and peri-urban areas and for the scarce integration of the involved disciplines. In this paper a GIS-MCDA (Multi Criteria Decision Analysis) approach is presented, aimed at generating synthetic maps useful for urban planners and authorities to make their decisions inclusive of territorial resources and environmental factors with special care about soil quality. The method was applied to a case study concerning the identification of the optimal location for a new leisure activity area in the peri-urban belt of the city of Torino (Italy). Landscape metrics, demographic data and soil chemical/physical properties - including contamination - obtained from extremely diverse sources, were jointly analysed. Some specific indices aggregating information were proposed and mapped using some advanced raster tools available in GIS.
1
36
GIS, Multi Criteria Analysis, Soil properties, urban planning
Borgogno-Mondino, E.; Fabietti, G.; Ajmone-Marsan, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1523739
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