Six metal organic frameworks of the M-2(dobdc) (M = Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn; dobdc(4-) = 2,5-dioxido-1,4-benzenedicarbox-ylate) structure type are demonstrated to bind carbon monoxide reversibly and at high capacity. Infrared spectra indicate that, upon coordination of CO to the divalent metal cations lining the pores within these frameworks, the C-O stretching frequency is blue-shifted, consistent with nonclassical metal-CO interactions. Structure determinations reveal M-CO distances ranging from 2.09(2) angstrom for M = Ni to 2.49(1) angstrom for M = Zn and M-C-O angles ranging from 161.2(7)degrees for M = Mg to 176.9(6) for M = Fe. Electronic structure calculations employing density functional theory (DFT) resulted in good agreement with the trends apparent in the infrared spectra and crystal structures. These results represent the first crystallographically characterized magnesium and zinc carbonyl compounds and the first high-spin manganese(II), iron(II), cobalt(II), and nickel(II) carbonyl species. Adsorption isotherms indicate reversible adsorption, with capacities for the Fe, Co, and Ni frameworks approaching one CO per metal cation site at 1 bar, corresponding to loadings as high as 6.0 mmol/g and 157 cm(3)/cm(3). The six frameworks display (negative) isosteric heats of CO adsorption ranging from 52.7 to 27.2 kJ/mol along the series Ni > Co > Fe > Mg > Mn > Zn, following the Irving Williams stability order. The reversible CO binding suggests that these frameworks may be of utility for the separation of CO from various industrial gas mixtures, including CO/H-2 and CO/N-2. Selectivities determined from gas adsorption isotherm data using ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST) over a range of gas compositions at 1 bar and 298 K indicate that all six M-2(dobdc) frameworks could potentially be used as solid adsorbents to replace current cryogenic distillation technologies, with the choice of M dictating adsorbent regeneration energy and the level of purity of the resulting gases.

Reversible CO Binding Enables Tunable CO/H-2 and CO/N-2 Separations in Metal-Organic Frameworks with Exposed Divalent Metal Cations

CHAVAN, SACHIN MARUTI;CROCELLA', VALENTINA;BORDIGA, Silvia;
2014

Abstract

Six metal organic frameworks of the M-2(dobdc) (M = Mg, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Zn; dobdc(4-) = 2,5-dioxido-1,4-benzenedicarbox-ylate) structure type are demonstrated to bind carbon monoxide reversibly and at high capacity. Infrared spectra indicate that, upon coordination of CO to the divalent metal cations lining the pores within these frameworks, the C-O stretching frequency is blue-shifted, consistent with nonclassical metal-CO interactions. Structure determinations reveal M-CO distances ranging from 2.09(2) angstrom for M = Ni to 2.49(1) angstrom for M = Zn and M-C-O angles ranging from 161.2(7)degrees for M = Mg to 176.9(6) for M = Fe. Electronic structure calculations employing density functional theory (DFT) resulted in good agreement with the trends apparent in the infrared spectra and crystal structures. These results represent the first crystallographically characterized magnesium and zinc carbonyl compounds and the first high-spin manganese(II), iron(II), cobalt(II), and nickel(II) carbonyl species. Adsorption isotherms indicate reversible adsorption, with capacities for the Fe, Co, and Ni frameworks approaching one CO per metal cation site at 1 bar, corresponding to loadings as high as 6.0 mmol/g and 157 cm(3)/cm(3). The six frameworks display (negative) isosteric heats of CO adsorption ranging from 52.7 to 27.2 kJ/mol along the series Ni > Co > Fe > Mg > Mn > Zn, following the Irving Williams stability order. The reversible CO binding suggests that these frameworks may be of utility for the separation of CO from various industrial gas mixtures, including CO/H-2 and CO/N-2. Selectivities determined from gas adsorption isotherm data using ideal adsorbed solution theory (IAST) over a range of gas compositions at 1 bar and 298 K indicate that all six M-2(dobdc) frameworks could potentially be used as solid adsorbents to replace current cryogenic distillation technologies, with the choice of M dictating adsorbent regeneration energy and the level of purity of the resulting gases.
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http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja505318p
IRON(II) COORDINATION SITES; BASIS-SETS; HYDROGEN ADSORPTION; NICKEL(II); metal organic frameworks; MOF; Magnesium(II); Manganese(II); Iron(II); Cobalt(II); Zinc(II); metal-CO interaction; density functional theory; ideal adsorbed solution theory; gas separation; CO/H2 separation; CO/N2 separation
E. D. Bloch; M. R. Hudson; J. A. Mason; S. Chavan; V. Crocella; J. D. Howe; K. Lee; A. L. Dzubak; W. L. Queen; J. M. Zadrozny; S. J. Geier; L. C. Lin; L. Gagliardi; B. Smit; J. B. Neaton; S. Bordiga; C. M. Brown; J. R. Long
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/153243
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