Abstract: Biological degradation of terrestrially derived macromolecules including lignin and cellulose has been shown to produce a large number of environmentally relevant phenolic compounds. It has demonstrated that extracellular superoxide (O2°-) is produced by heterotrophic bacteria that are common in lakes, soil, hydrothermal vents, marine sediments, estuaries and oceans. Rates of superoxide production normalized to the proportion of metabolically active cells vary between 0.02 +/- 0.02 amol cell−1 hour−1 (mean ± standard error) and 19.4 +/- 5.2 amol cell−1 hour−1. Such findings provide insights into the mechanism of two key and yet unclear processes, including the biological degradation of particulate organic matter (POM) that can form dissolved organic substances, and the structural diversification of dissolved organic substances originated from POM such as plant material or algal biomass.

Biological Formation of Organic Substances from Particulate Organic Matter

MINELLA, Marco;VIONE, Davide Vittorio
2015

Abstract

Abstract: Biological degradation of terrestrially derived macromolecules including lignin and cellulose has been shown to produce a large number of environmentally relevant phenolic compounds. It has demonstrated that extracellular superoxide (O2°-) is produced by heterotrophic bacteria that are common in lakes, soil, hydrothermal vents, marine sediments, estuaries and oceans. Rates of superoxide production normalized to the proportion of metabolically active cells vary between 0.02 +/- 0.02 amol cell−1 hour−1 (mean ± standard error) and 19.4 +/- 5.2 amol cell−1 hour−1. Such findings provide insights into the mechanism of two key and yet unclear processes, including the biological degradation of particulate organic matter (POM) that can form dissolved organic substances, and the structural diversification of dissolved organic substances originated from POM such as plant material or algal biomass.
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http://canchemtrans.ca/index.php/list-of-issues/2015-3-2
Heterotrophic bacteria; extracellular superoxide; organic substances; biological degradation; particulate organic matter
Mostofa, Khan M. G.; Liu, Cong-Qiang; Minella, Marco; Vione, Davide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1542794
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