The aim of this prospective study was to estimate the effects of Erbium substituted: Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (Er:YAG) laser, compared with traditional scalpel, on the early postoperative sequelae of nondysplastic oral lesion removal. BACKGROUND DATA: There is limited evidence that laser surgery could exhibit advantages over scalpel in oral mucosal surgery. METHODS: The investigators studied a cohort of 344 patients; 394 lesions were randomized and treated. Outcome statistically evaluated variables were: age, gender, the site and size of investigated lesions, visual analogue score (VAS) of pain, the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14) and the Quality of Life test (QOL), and number of analgesics taken in the 1st week after surgery. RESULTS: Significant differences were found if considering the surgical time, VAS, and QOL and OHIP-14 questionnaires; regarding those data, the Er:YAG laser appeared to be faster and less painful than traditional scalpel (p < 0.05). For bigger lesions, patients statistically took more painkillers if they had undergone traditional surgery. Considering the site of the treated lesions, Er:YAG laser was less painful, especially in the gingiva and palate (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first randomized controlled surgical trial reported for the management of nondysplastic oral lesions with the use of an Er:YAG laser. With many limitations, the present report identifies significant difference in the immediate postoperative surgical period between the two treatments, meaning that the Er:YAG laser seemed to be less painful, and better accepted by patients, than traditional scalpel.

Er:YAG Laser Versus Cold Knife Excision in the Treatment of Nondysplastic Oral Lesions: A Randomized Comparative Study for the Postoperative Period

BROCCOLETTI, Roberto
First
;
CAFARO, ADRIANA;GAMBINO, ALESSIO;ARDUINO, PAOLO GIACOMO
Last
2015-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this prospective study was to estimate the effects of Erbium substituted: Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (Er:YAG) laser, compared with traditional scalpel, on the early postoperative sequelae of nondysplastic oral lesion removal. BACKGROUND DATA: There is limited evidence that laser surgery could exhibit advantages over scalpel in oral mucosal surgery. METHODS: The investigators studied a cohort of 344 patients; 394 lesions were randomized and treated. Outcome statistically evaluated variables were: age, gender, the site and size of investigated lesions, visual analogue score (VAS) of pain, the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14) and the Quality of Life test (QOL), and number of analgesics taken in the 1st week after surgery. RESULTS: Significant differences were found if considering the surgical time, VAS, and QOL and OHIP-14 questionnaires; regarding those data, the Er:YAG laser appeared to be faster and less painful than traditional scalpel (p < 0.05). For bigger lesions, patients statistically took more painkillers if they had undergone traditional surgery. Considering the site of the treated lesions, Er:YAG laser was less painful, especially in the gingiva and palate (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first randomized controlled surgical trial reported for the management of nondysplastic oral lesions with the use of an Er:YAG laser. With many limitations, the present report identifies significant difference in the immediate postoperative surgical period between the two treatments, meaning that the Er:YAG laser seemed to be less painful, and better accepted by patients, than traditional scalpel.
2015
33
12
604
609
Broccoletti, Roberto; Cafaro, Adriana; Gambino, Alessio; Romagnoli, Ercole; Arduino, Paolo Giacomo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1552143
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