BACKGROUND: Biliary tract cancer (BTC) is a rare and lethal disease with few therapeutic options. Preclinical data suggest that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway could be involved in its progression. METHODS: This open-label, randomized phase 2 trial recruited chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced BTC displaying a wild-type (WT) KRAS status. Patients were randomized to gemcitabine (1000 mg/m(2) ) and oxaliplatin (100 mg/m(2) ) with (arm A) or without (arm B) panitumumab (6 mg/kg) for up to 12 cycles. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) analyzed in an intention-to-treat fashion. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients (45 in arm A and 44 in arm B) were enrolled between June 2010 and September 2013. After a median follow-up of 10.1 months, the median PFS was 5.3 months (95% confidence interval, 3.3-7.2 months) in arm A and 4.4 months (95% confidence interval, 2.6-6.2 months) in arm B (P = .27). No survival differences were observed: the median overall survival was 9.9 months in arm A and 10.2 months in arm B (P = .42). In a subgroup analysis, no differences in PFS according to the site of the primary tumor were observed; patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma treated with panitumumab may have had a survival benefit in comparison with the control group (15.1 vs 11.8 months, P = .13). As for safety, skin toxicity was the main adverse event in arm A (80% of the patients). A higher incidence of diarrhea (55.5% vs 31.8%), mucositis (22.2% vs 13.6%), and constipation (24.4% vs 15.9%) was seen in arm A. CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm the marginal role of anti-EGFR therapy even for WT KRAS-selected BTC. Cancer 2016;122:574-581. © 2015 American Cancer Society.

Panitumumab in combination with gemcitabine and oxaliplatin does not prolong survival in wild-type KRAS advanced biliary tract cancer: A randomized phase 2 trial (Vecti-BIL study)

LEONE, Francesco
First
;
MARINO, DONATELLA;FILIPPI, ROBERTO;SPADI, ROSELLA;Cagnazzo, Celeste;CIUFFREDA, LIBERO;AGLIETTA, Massimo
Last
2016

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Biliary tract cancer (BTC) is a rare and lethal disease with few therapeutic options. Preclinical data suggest that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway could be involved in its progression. METHODS: This open-label, randomized phase 2 trial recruited chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced BTC displaying a wild-type (WT) KRAS status. Patients were randomized to gemcitabine (1000 mg/m(2) ) and oxaliplatin (100 mg/m(2) ) with (arm A) or without (arm B) panitumumab (6 mg/kg) for up to 12 cycles. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS) analyzed in an intention-to-treat fashion. RESULTS: Eighty-nine patients (45 in arm A and 44 in arm B) were enrolled between June 2010 and September 2013. After a median follow-up of 10.1 months, the median PFS was 5.3 months (95% confidence interval, 3.3-7.2 months) in arm A and 4.4 months (95% confidence interval, 2.6-6.2 months) in arm B (P = .27). No survival differences were observed: the median overall survival was 9.9 months in arm A and 10.2 months in arm B (P = .42). In a subgroup analysis, no differences in PFS according to the site of the primary tumor were observed; patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma treated with panitumumab may have had a survival benefit in comparison with the control group (15.1 vs 11.8 months, P = .13). As for safety, skin toxicity was the main adverse event in arm A (80% of the patients). A higher incidence of diarrhea (55.5% vs 31.8%), mucositis (22.2% vs 13.6%), and constipation (24.4% vs 15.9%) was seen in arm A. CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm the marginal role of anti-EGFR therapy even for WT KRAS-selected BTC. Cancer 2016;122:574-581. © 2015 American Cancer Society.
122
4
574
581
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1097-0142
biliary cancer; chemotherapy; cholangiocarcinoma; gemcitabine and oxaliplatin (GEMOX); KRAS; panitumumab; Cancer Research; Oncology
Leone, Francesco; Marino, Donatella; Cereda, Stefano; Filippi, Roberto; Belli, Carmen; Spadi, Rosella; Nasti, Guglielmo; Montano, Massimo; Amatu, Alessio; Aprile, Giuseppe; Cagnazzo, Celeste; Fasola, Gianpiero; Siena, Salvatore; Ciuffreda, Libero; Reni, Michele; Aglietta, Massimo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1559870
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