AIM: To report clinical outcomes of a consecutive series of patients with early-stage (T1-T1N0) anal cancer treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) approach similarly to the RTOG 05-29 trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 43 patients underwent SIB-IMRT employing a schedule consisting of 50.4 Gy/28 fractions to the gross tumor volume and 42 Gy/28 fractions to the elective nodal volumes for cT1N0 cases, and 54 Gy/30 fractions and 45 Gy/30 fractions to the same volumes for cT2N0 cases. Chemotherapy was administered concurrently following Nigro's regimen. The primary endpoint was colostomy-free survival (CFS). Secondary endpoints were locoregional control (LRC), disease-free (DFS), cancer-specific (CSS) and overall (OS) survival. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 39.7 months. The actuarial 3-year CFS was 79.4% [95% confidence interval (CI)=61.4-89.7%]. Actuarial 3-year OS and CSS were 90.8% (95% CI=74.1-96.9%) and 93.8% (95% CI=77.3-98.4%), while DFS was 75.5% (95% CI=56.4-87.1%). Actuarial 3-year LRC was 86.1% (95% CI=69.6-94%). On multivariate analysis, tumor size >3 cm showed a trend towards significance in predicting CFS [hazard ratio (HR)=8.6, 95% CI=84.7-88.1%; p=0.069]. Maximum detected adverse events included: skin (G3): 18%; gastrointestinal tract (G2): 67%; genitourinary tract (G3): 3%; genitalia (G2): 30%; anemia (G2): 7%; leukopenia (G3): 26%, leukopenia (G4):7%; neutropenia (G3): 15%; neutropenia (G4): 12%; thrombocytopenia (G3): 9%. CONCLUSION: Our clinical results support the use of SIB-IMRT in the combined modality treatment of patients with anal cancer.

Early-stage Node-negative (T1-T2N0) Anal Cancer Treated with Simultaneous Integrated Boost Radiotherapy and Concurrent Chemotherapy

FRANCO, Pierfrancesco
First
;
ARCADIPANE, FRANCESCA;RAGONA, Riccardo;MISTRANGELO, Massimiliano;CASSONI, Paola;MORINO, Mario;RICARDI, Umberto
Last
2016

Abstract

AIM: To report clinical outcomes of a consecutive series of patients with early-stage (T1-T1N0) anal cancer treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and a simultaneous integrated boost (SIB) approach similarly to the RTOG 05-29 trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of 43 patients underwent SIB-IMRT employing a schedule consisting of 50.4 Gy/28 fractions to the gross tumor volume and 42 Gy/28 fractions to the elective nodal volumes for cT1N0 cases, and 54 Gy/30 fractions and 45 Gy/30 fractions to the same volumes for cT2N0 cases. Chemotherapy was administered concurrently following Nigro's regimen. The primary endpoint was colostomy-free survival (CFS). Secondary endpoints were locoregional control (LRC), disease-free (DFS), cancer-specific (CSS) and overall (OS) survival. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 39.7 months. The actuarial 3-year CFS was 79.4% [95% confidence interval (CI)=61.4-89.7%]. Actuarial 3-year OS and CSS were 90.8% (95% CI=74.1-96.9%) and 93.8% (95% CI=77.3-98.4%), while DFS was 75.5% (95% CI=56.4-87.1%). Actuarial 3-year LRC was 86.1% (95% CI=69.6-94%). On multivariate analysis, tumor size >3 cm showed a trend towards significance in predicting CFS [hazard ratio (HR)=8.6, 95% CI=84.7-88.1%; p=0.069]. Maximum detected adverse events included: skin (G3): 18%; gastrointestinal tract (G2): 67%; genitourinary tract (G3): 3%; genitalia (G2): 30%; anemia (G2): 7%; leukopenia (G3): 26%, leukopenia (G4):7%; neutropenia (G3): 15%; neutropenia (G4): 12%; thrombocytopenia (G3): 9%. CONCLUSION: Our clinical results support the use of SIB-IMRT in the combined modality treatment of patients with anal cancer.
36
4
1943
1948
http://ar.iiarjournals.org/content/36/4/1943.full
Anal cancer; IMRT; VMAT; acute toxicity; concomitant radiochemotherapy; radiotherapy; volumetric-modulated arc therapy
Franco, Pierfrancesco; Arcadipane, Francesca; Ragona, Riccardo; Mistrangelo, Massimiliano; Cassoni, Paola; Rondi, Nadia; Morino, Mario; Racca, Patrizia; Ricardi, Umberto
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
definitive.pdf

Accesso aperto

Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 118.49 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
118.49 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1562016
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 5
  • Scopus 14
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact