The new mineral species canosioite, ideally Ba2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH), has been discovered in the dump of Valletta mine, Maira Valley, Cuneo Province, Piedmont, Italy. Its origin is probably related to the reaction between ore minerals and hydrothermal fluids. It occurs in reddish-brown granules, subhedral millimetre-size crystals, with pale yellow streak and vitreous lustre. Canosioite is associated with aegirine, baryte, calcite, hematite, bronze Mn33 bearing muscovite, unidentified Mn oxides, and unidentified arsenates. Canosioite is biaxial positive with a 2Vmeas = 84(2)º. It is weakly pleochroic with X = brownish yellow, Y = brown, Z = reddish brown, Z > Y > X. Canosioite is monoclinic, P21/m, with a = 7.8642(4), b = 6.1083(3), c = 9.1670(5) Å, β = 112.874(6)°, V = 405.73(4) Å3 and Z = 2. Calculated density is 4.943 g/cm3. The seven strongest diffraction lines of the observed powder XRD pattern are [d in Å, (I), (hkl)]: 3.713 (18)(111), 3.304 (100)(21-1), 3.058 (31)(020), 3.047 (59)(10-3), 2.801 (73)(112), 2.337 (24)(220), 2.158 (24)(12-3). Electron microprobe analyses gave (wt.%): Na2O 0.06, MgO 0.43, CaO 0.02, NiO 0.02, CuO 0.03, SrO 0.42, BaO 49.36, PbO 1.69, Al2O3 1.25, Mn2O3 3.89, Fe2O3 6.95, Sb2O3 0.01, SiO2 0.03, P2O5 0.02, V2O5 10.88, As2O5 24.64, SO3 0.01, F 0.02, H2O 1.61 was calculated on the basis of 1 (OH,F,H2O) group p.f.u. IR spectroscopy confirmed the presence of OH. The empirical formula calculated on the basis of 9 O a.p.f.u, is (Ba1.92Pb0.05Sr0.02Na0.01)Σ2.00(Fe3+0.52Mn3+0.29Al0.15Mg0.06)Σ1.02[(As0.64V0.36)Σ1.00O4]2[(OH0.92F0.01)(H2O)0.07] and the ideal formula is Ba2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH). The crystal structure was solved by direct methods and found to be isostructural to that of arsenbrackebuschite. The structure model was refined (R1 2.6%) on the basis of 1245 observed reflections. Canosioite is named after the small municipality of Canosio, where the type locality, the Valletta mine, is situated. The new mineral and name were approved by the IMA CNMNC (IMA2015-030).

As-bearing new mineral species from Valletta mine, Maira Valley, Piedmont, Italy: III. Canosioite, Ba2Fe3+ (AsO4)2(OH), description and crystal structure

CAMARA ARTIGAS, Fernando;BITTARELLO, ERICA;
2017

Abstract

The new mineral species canosioite, ideally Ba2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH), has been discovered in the dump of Valletta mine, Maira Valley, Cuneo Province, Piedmont, Italy. Its origin is probably related to the reaction between ore minerals and hydrothermal fluids. It occurs in reddish-brown granules, subhedral millimetre-size crystals, with pale yellow streak and vitreous lustre. Canosioite is associated with aegirine, baryte, calcite, hematite, bronze Mn33 bearing muscovite, unidentified Mn oxides, and unidentified arsenates. Canosioite is biaxial positive with a 2Vmeas = 84(2)º. It is weakly pleochroic with X = brownish yellow, Y = brown, Z = reddish brown, Z > Y > X. Canosioite is monoclinic, P21/m, with a = 7.8642(4), b = 6.1083(3), c = 9.1670(5) Å, β = 112.874(6)°, V = 405.73(4) Å3 and Z = 2. Calculated density is 4.943 g/cm3. The seven strongest diffraction lines of the observed powder XRD pattern are [d in Å, (I), (hkl)]: 3.713 (18)(111), 3.304 (100)(21-1), 3.058 (31)(020), 3.047 (59)(10-3), 2.801 (73)(112), 2.337 (24)(220), 2.158 (24)(12-3). Electron microprobe analyses gave (wt.%): Na2O 0.06, MgO 0.43, CaO 0.02, NiO 0.02, CuO 0.03, SrO 0.42, BaO 49.36, PbO 1.69, Al2O3 1.25, Mn2O3 3.89, Fe2O3 6.95, Sb2O3 0.01, SiO2 0.03, P2O5 0.02, V2O5 10.88, As2O5 24.64, SO3 0.01, F 0.02, H2O 1.61 was calculated on the basis of 1 (OH,F,H2O) group p.f.u. IR spectroscopy confirmed the presence of OH. The empirical formula calculated on the basis of 9 O a.p.f.u, is (Ba1.92Pb0.05Sr0.02Na0.01)Σ2.00(Fe3+0.52Mn3+0.29Al0.15Mg0.06)Σ1.02[(As0.64V0.36)Σ1.00O4]2[(OH0.92F0.01)(H2O)0.07] and the ideal formula is Ba2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH). The crystal structure was solved by direct methods and found to be isostructural to that of arsenbrackebuschite. The structure model was refined (R1 2.6%) on the basis of 1245 observed reflections. Canosioite is named after the small municipality of Canosio, where the type locality, the Valletta mine, is situated. The new mineral and name were approved by the IMA CNMNC (IMA2015-030).
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http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/minsoc/mag/pre-prints/content-minmag-1236
canosioite, arsenate, arsenbrackebuschite-group, new mineral species, crystal structure, Valletta, Piedmont, Italy
Cámara, F.; Bittarello, E.; Ciriotti, M.E.; Nestola, F.; Radica, F.; Massimi, F.; Balestra, C.; Bracco, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1564831
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