Measurements of multiparticle azimuthal correlations (cumulants) for charged particles in p-Pb at √sNN = 5.02 TeV and Pb-Pb at √sNN = 2.76 TeV collisions are presented. They help address the question of whether there is evidence for global, flowlike, azimuthal correlations in the p-Pb system. Comparisons are made to measurements from the larger Pb-Pb system, where such evidence is established. In particular, the second harmonic two-particle cumulants are found to decrease with multiplicity, characteristic of a dominance of few-particle correlations in p-Pb collisions. However, when a |η| gap is placed to suppress such correlations, the two-particle cumulants begin to rise at high multiplicity, indicating the presence of global azimuthal correlations. The Pb-Pb values are higher than the p-Pb values at similar multiplicities. In both systems, the second harmonic four-particle cumulants exhibit a transition from positive to negative values when the multiplicity increases. The negative values allow for a measurement of v2{4} to be made, which is found to be higher in Pb-Pb collisions at similar multiplicities. The second harmonic six-particle cumulants are also found to be higher in Pb-Pb collisions. In Pb-Pb collisions, we generally find v2{4} ≃ v2{6} ̸= 0 which is indicative of a Bessel-Gaussian function for the v2 distribution. For very high-multiplicity Pb-Pb collisions, we observe that the four- and six-particle cumulants become consistent with 0. Finally, third harmonic two-particle cumulants in p-Pb and Pb-Pb are measured. These are found to be similar for overlapping multiplicities, when a |η| > 1.4 gap is placed.

Multiparticle azimuthal correlations in p-Pb and Pb-Pb collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

ARNALDI, Roberta;BALA, RENU;BEOLE', Stefania;BERZANO, DARIO CARLO DOMENICO;L. Bianchi;BOTTA, Elena;BRUNA, ELENA;BUFALINO, STEFANIA;CORRALES MORALES, YASSER;FERRETTI, Alessandro;GAGLIARDI, Martino;GALLIO, Mauro;INNOCENTI, GIAN MICHELE;LATTUCA, ALESSANDRA;LEONCINO, MARCO;MASERA, Massimo;MILANO, LEONARDO;OPPEDISANO, Chiara;RAMELLO, Luciano;RIVETTI, Angelo;RUSSO, RICCARDO;SCOMPARIN, ENRICO;VALLERO, Sara;VERCELLIN, Ermanno;
2014-01-01

Abstract

Measurements of multiparticle azimuthal correlations (cumulants) for charged particles in p-Pb at √sNN = 5.02 TeV and Pb-Pb at √sNN = 2.76 TeV collisions are presented. They help address the question of whether there is evidence for global, flowlike, azimuthal correlations in the p-Pb system. Comparisons are made to measurements from the larger Pb-Pb system, where such evidence is established. In particular, the second harmonic two-particle cumulants are found to decrease with multiplicity, characteristic of a dominance of few-particle correlations in p-Pb collisions. However, when a |η| gap is placed to suppress such correlations, the two-particle cumulants begin to rise at high multiplicity, indicating the presence of global azimuthal correlations. The Pb-Pb values are higher than the p-Pb values at similar multiplicities. In both systems, the second harmonic four-particle cumulants exhibit a transition from positive to negative values when the multiplicity increases. The negative values allow for a measurement of v2{4} to be made, which is found to be higher in Pb-Pb collisions at similar multiplicities. The second harmonic six-particle cumulants are also found to be higher in Pb-Pb collisions. In Pb-Pb collisions, we generally find v2{4} ≃ v2{6} ̸= 0 which is indicative of a Bessel-Gaussian function for the v2 distribution. For very high-multiplicity Pb-Pb collisions, we observe that the four- and six-particle cumulants become consistent with 0. Finally, third harmonic two-particle cumulants in p-Pb and Pb-Pb are measured. These are found to be similar for overlapping multiplicities, when a |η| > 1.4 gap is placed.
2014
90
054901
054901
azimuthal correlations; p-Pb collisions; Pb-Pb collisions
B. Abelev;J. Adam;D. Adamová;M. M. Aggarwal;G. Aglieri Rinella;M. Agnello;A. Agostinelli;N. Agrawal;Z. Ahammed;N. Ahmad;I. Ahmed;S. U. Ahn;S. A. Ahn;I. Aimo;S. Aiola;M. Ajaz;A. Akindinov;S. N. Alam;D. Aleksandrov;B. Alessandro;D. Alexandre;A. Alici;A. Alkin;J. Alme;T. Alt;S. Altinpinar;I. Altsybeev;C. Alves Garcia Prado;C. Andrei;A. Andronic;V. Anguelov;J. Anielski;T. Antičić;F. Antinori;P. Antonioli;L. Aphecetche;H. Appelshäuser;S. Arcelli;N. Armesto;R. Arnaldi;T. Aronsson;I. C. Arsene;M. Arslandok;A. Augustinus;R. Averbeck;T. C. Awes;M. D. Azmi;M. Bach;A. Badalà;Y. W. Baek;S. Bagnasco;R. Bailhache;R. Bala;A. Baldisseri;F. Baltasar Dos Santos Pedrosa;R. C. Baral;R. Barbera;F. Barile;G. G. Barnaföldi;L. S. Barnby;V. Barret;J. Bartke;M. Basile;N. Bastid;S. Basu;B. Bathen;G. Batigne;A. Batista Camejo;B. Batyunya;P. C. Batzing;C. Baumann;I. G. Bearden;H. Beck;C. Bedda;N. K. Behera;I. Belikov;F. Bellini;R. Bellwied;E. Belmont-Moreno;R. Belmont;V. Belyaev;G. Bencedi;S. Beole;I. Berceanu;A. Bercuci;Y. Berdnikov;D. Berenyi;M. E. Berger;R. A. Bertens;D. Berzano;L. Betev;A. Bhasin;I. R. Bhat;A. K. Bhati;B. Bhattacharjee;J. Bhom;L. Bianchi;N. Bianchi;C. Bianchin;J. Bielčík;J. Bielčíková;A. Bilandzic;S. Bjelogrlic;F. Blanco;D. Blau;C. Blume;F. Bock;A. Bogdanov;H. Bøggild;M. Bogolyubsky;F. V. Böhmer;L. Boldizsár;M. Bombara;J. Book;H. Borel;A. Borissov;F. Bossú;M. Botje;E. Botta;S. Böttger;P. Braun-Munzinger;M. Bregant;T. Breitner;T. A. Broker;T. A. Browning;M. Broz;E. Bruna;G. E. Bruno;D. Budnikov;H. Buesching;S. Bufalino;P. Buncic;O. Busch;Z. Buthelezi;D. Caffarri;X. Cai;H. Caines;L. Calero Diaz;A. Caliva;E. Calvo Villar;P. Camerini;F. Carena;W. Carena;J. Castillo Castellanos;E. A. R. Casula;V. Catanescu;C. Cavicchioli;C. Ceballos Sanchez;J. Cepila;P. Cerello;B. Chang;S. Chapeland;J. L. Charvet;S. Chattopadhyay;S. Chattopadhyay;V. Chelnokov;M. Cherney;C. Cheshkov;B. Cheynis;V. Chibante Barroso;D. D. Chinellato;P. Chochula;M. Chojnacki;S. Choudhury;P. Christakoglou;C. H. Christensen;P. Christiansen;T. Chujo;S. U. Chung;C. Cicalo;L. Cifarelli;F. Cindolo;J. Cleymans;F. Colamaria;D. Colella;A. Collu;M. Colocci;G. Conesa Balbastre;Z. Conesa del Valle;M. E. Connors;J. G. Contreras;T. M. Cormier;Y. Corrales Morales;P. Cortese;I. Cortés Maldonado;M. R. Cosentino;F. Costa;P. Crochet;R. Cruz Albino;E. Cuautle;L. Cunqueiro;A. Dainese;R. Dang;A. Danu;D. Das;I. Das;K. Das;S. Das;A. Dash;S. Dash;S. De;H. Delagrange;A. Deloff;E. Dénes;G. D'Erasmo;A. De Caro;G. de Cataldo;J. de Cuveland;A. De Falco;D. De Gruttola;N. De Marco;S. De Pasquale;R. de Rooij;M. A. Diaz Corchero;T. Dietel;P. Dillenseger;R. Divià;D. Di Bari;S. Di Liberto;A. Di Mauro;P. Di Nezza;Ø. Djuvsland;A. Dobrin;T. Dobrowolski;D. Domenicis Gimenez;B. Dönigus;O. Dordic;S. Dørheim;A. K. Dubey;A. Dubla;L. Ducroux;P. Dupieux;A. K. Dutta Majumdar;T. E. Hilden;R. J. Ehlers;D. Elia;H. Engel;B. Erazmus;H. A. Erdal;D. Eschweiler;B. Espagnon;M. Esposito;M. Estienne;S. Esumi;D. Evans;S. Evdokimov;D. Fabris;J. 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Khan;R. Haake;Ø. Haaland;C. Hadjidakis;M. Haiduc;H. Hamagaki;G. Hamar;L. D. Hanratty;A. Hansen;J. W. Harris;H. Hartmann;A. Harton;D. Hatzifotiadou;S. Hayashi;S. T. Heckel;M. Heide;H. Helstrup;A. Herghelegiu;G. Herrera Corral;B. A. Hess;K. F. Hetland;B. Hippolyte;J. Hladky;P. Hristov;M. Huang;T. J. Humanic;N. Hussain;D. Hutter;D. S. Hwang;R. Ilkaev;I. Ilkiv;M. Inaba;G. M. Innocenti;C. Ionita;M. Ippolitov;M. Irfan;M. Ivanov;V. Ivanov;A. Jachołkowski;P. M. Jacobs;C. Jahnke;H. J. Jang;M. A. Janik;P. H. S. Y. Jayarathna;C. Jena;S. Jena;R. T. Jimenez Bustamante;P. G. Jones;H. Jung;A. Jusko;V. Kadyshevskiy;S. Kalcher;P. Kalinak;A. Kalweit;J. Kamin;J. H. Kang;V. Kaplin;S. Kar;A. Karasu Uysal;O. Karavichev;T. Karavicheva;E. Karpechev;U. Kebschull;R. Keidel;D. L. D. Keijdener;M. Keil SVN;M. M. Khan;P. Khan;S. A. Khan;A. Khanzadeev;Y. Kharlov;B. Kileng;B. Kim;D. W. Kim;D. J. Kim;J. S. Kim;M. Kim;M. Kim;S. Kim;T. Kim;S. Kirsch;I. Kisel;S. Kiselev;A. Kisiel;G. Kiss;J. L. Klay;J. Klein;C. 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