BACKGROUND: Surveillance of Surgical Site Infections (SSI) in 2010 found 39 % compliance with hospital guidelines in Piedmont (Italy). The aim of the study was to estimate the appropriate use of antimicrobial prophylaxis and compliance with hospitals guidelines in surgical wards. METHODS: This survey study took place in 21 surgery wards of 4 public hospitals. Forms were completed by public health resident doctors together with a medical ward referent and infection control nurses. 15 consecutive surgical procedures were randomly chosen from each ward. A total of 320 cases were analyzed. The study period was from July 2012 to January 2013. Data were collected using a survey form. A final score variable from 0 to 4 was given to each case. The results were compared with hospital and international guidelines. Data were analyzed using Epi-Info software. RESULTS: Of the 320 cases collected, 63 were excluded; of the remaining 257 cases, 56.4 % of the procedures were appropriate (score 4), 15.2 % were acceptable and 28.4 % were not acceptable. The study found an unjustified continuation of antimicrobial prophylaxis in 17.1 % of the 257 cases, an unjustified re-start of antimicrobial therapy in 9.7 % and a re-dosing omission in 7.8 %. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated critical problems in antimicrobial prophylaxis management in surgical wards due to a lack of compliance between hospitals and national guidelines, a shortage of specific and updated recommendations for some surgical interventions and incorrect local specific procedures. Coordination between local and national recommendations, strengthening of evidence based decisions and continuous sharing of policy updates are needed.

Appropriate use of antimicrobial prophylaxis: An observational study in 21 surgical wards

TESTA, Marco;STILLO, Michela;GIACOMELLI, Sebastian;SCOFFONE, Silvia;ZOTTI, Carla Maria
Last
2015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Surveillance of Surgical Site Infections (SSI) in 2010 found 39 % compliance with hospital guidelines in Piedmont (Italy). The aim of the study was to estimate the appropriate use of antimicrobial prophylaxis and compliance with hospitals guidelines in surgical wards. METHODS: This survey study took place in 21 surgery wards of 4 public hospitals. Forms were completed by public health resident doctors together with a medical ward referent and infection control nurses. 15 consecutive surgical procedures were randomly chosen from each ward. A total of 320 cases were analyzed. The study period was from July 2012 to January 2013. Data were collected using a survey form. A final score variable from 0 to 4 was given to each case. The results were compared with hospital and international guidelines. Data were analyzed using Epi-Info software. RESULTS: Of the 320 cases collected, 63 were excluded; of the remaining 257 cases, 56.4 % of the procedures were appropriate (score 4), 15.2 % were acceptable and 28.4 % were not acceptable. The study found an unjustified continuation of antimicrobial prophylaxis in 17.1 % of the 257 cases, an unjustified re-start of antimicrobial therapy in 9.7 % and a re-dosing omission in 7.8 %. CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrated critical problems in antimicrobial prophylaxis management in surgical wards due to a lack of compliance between hospitals and national guidelines, a shortage of specific and updated recommendations for some surgical interventions and incorrect local specific procedures. Coordination between local and national recommendations, strengthening of evidence based decisions and continuous sharing of policy updates are needed.
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http://bmcsurg.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12893-015-0048-7
Antibiotic Prophylaxis; Appropriateness; Chemoprevention; Flow-chart; Guideline; Surgery; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Anti-Infective Agents; Antibiotic Prophylaxis; Child; Female; Guideline Adherence; Health Care Surveys; Hospitals, Public; Humans; Italy; Male; Middle Aged; Practice Guidelines as Topic; Practice Patterns, Physicians'; Surgery Department, Hospital; Surgical Wound Infection; Young Adult; Surgery
Testa, Marco; Stillo, Michela; Giacomelli, Sebastian; Scoffone, Silvia; Argentero, Pier Angelo; Farina, Enzo Carlo; Zotti, Carla Maria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1583360
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