Studies in the post-squalene section of sterol biosynthesis may be hampered by the poor availability of authentic standards. The present study used different yeast strains engineered in 3-ketosteroid reductase (Erg27p) to obtain radioactive and non-radioactive intermediates of sterol biosynthesis hardly or not available commercially. Non-radioactive 3-keto 4-monomethyl sterones were purified from non-saponifiable lipids extracted from cells bearing point-mutated 3-ketosteroid reductase. Two strategies were adopted to prepare the radioactive compounds: (1) incubation of cell homogenates of an ERG27-deletant strain with radioactive lanosterol, (2) incubation of growing cells of a strain expressing point-mutated 3-ketosteroid reductase with radioactive acetate. Chemical reduction of both radioactive and non-radioactive 3-keto sterones gave the physiological 3-β OH sterols, as well as the non-physiological 3-α OH isomers. This combined biological and chemical preparation procedure provided otherwise unavailable or hardly available 4-mono-methyl intermediates of sterol biosynthesis, paving the way for research into their roles in physiological and pathological conditions.

4-Methylzymosterone and Other Intermediates of Sterol Biosynthesis from Yeast Mutants Engineered in the ERG27 Gene Encoding 3-Ketosteroid Reductase

FERRANTE, TERENZIO;BARGE, Alessandro;TARAMINO, Silvia;OLIARO BOSSO, Simonetta
Co-last
;
BALLIANO, Gianni
2016

Abstract

Studies in the post-squalene section of sterol biosynthesis may be hampered by the poor availability of authentic standards. The present study used different yeast strains engineered in 3-ketosteroid reductase (Erg27p) to obtain radioactive and non-radioactive intermediates of sterol biosynthesis hardly or not available commercially. Non-radioactive 3-keto 4-monomethyl sterones were purified from non-saponifiable lipids extracted from cells bearing point-mutated 3-ketosteroid reductase. Two strategies were adopted to prepare the radioactive compounds: (1) incubation of cell homogenates of an ERG27-deletant strain with radioactive lanosterol, (2) incubation of growing cells of a strain expressing point-mutated 3-ketosteroid reductase with radioactive acetate. Chemical reduction of both radioactive and non-radioactive 3-keto sterones gave the physiological 3-β OH sterols, as well as the non-physiological 3-α OH isomers. This combined biological and chemical preparation procedure provided otherwise unavailable or hardly available 4-mono-methyl intermediates of sterol biosynthesis, paving the way for research into their roles in physiological and pathological conditions.
51
9
1103
1113
3-Ketosteroid reductase; 4-Methylfecosterone; 4-Methylzymosterone; Engineered yeast strains; Post-squalene sterol biosynthesis
Ferrante, T; Barge, A; Taramino, S; Oliaro-Bosso, S; Balliano, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1598605
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